1 Fairfield was built ca. 1871 for stockbroker and banker Henry Chapman Wainwright, one of three contiguous houses (1-3-5 Fairfield), probably built for speculative sale. As originally built, both 1 Fairfield and 5 Fairfield had pitched roofs with garret windows, and the three houses formed a symmetrical composition on Fairfield.
By 1872, 1 Fairfield was the home of Mrs. Eliza (Alger) Sears Hinkley, the widow of Thomas Warren Sears, a merchant and auctioneer specializing in produce, and of James Frederick Hinkley, a draughtsman. In 1870, she had lived at 40 Fourth Street.
H. Hinckley is shown as the owner of 1 Fairfield on the 1874 Hopkins map; A. Hinckley is shown as the owner on the 1883 Bromley map; and the Heirs of H. Hinckley are shown as the owners on the 1888 and 1890 maps. H. Hinckley probably was Eliza Hinkley’s second husband’s father, locomotive manufacturer Holmes Hinkley, who had died in 1866.
Living with Eliza Hinkley were her son, Holmes Hinkley, a Latin teacher, her daughter, Olivia (Sears) West and Olivia West’s children, Elise Alger West and Montgomery Sears West. Olivia West’s husband, Preston Carpenter First West, was the chief mining engineer for the Calumet and Hecla Mine in Michigan.
Elise West continued to live at 1 Fairfield until her marriage in December of 1890 to Oliver Ames, a real estate and railroad investor. Prior to their marriage, he had lived at 306 Dartmouth with his parents, Frederick Lothrop Ames and Rebecca Caroline (Blair) Ames. After their marriage, they lived in North Easton, where his family’s business, the Ames shovel company, was located. They made North Easton their primary residence until 1898, when they purchased 15 Commonwealth as their Boston home.
Eliza Hinkley, Olivia (Sears) West, and Montgomery Sears West continued to live at 1 Fairfield until Eliza Hinkley’s death in January of 1892.
The house was not listed in the 1893 Blue Book.
By the 1893-1894 winter season, 1 Fairfield was the home of Charles Henry Taylor, Jr., and his wife, Marguerite C. (Falck) Taylor. They previously had lived at 158 Newbury. Marguerite Taylor is shown as the owner of 1 Fairfield on the 1895 and 1898 Bromley maps.
Charles Taylor’s father was publisher of the Boston Globe. Charles, Jr., joined the Globe staff and, after working in various positions, became manager and treasurer. He remained in that position until his retirement in 1937.
By 1901, 1 Fairfield was the home of Alanson Long Daniels, a note broker, and his wife, Frances E. (Pomeroy) Daniels. They previously had lived in Brookline. Frances P. Daniels is shown as the owner of 1 Fairfield on the 1908, 1917, 1928, and 1938 Bromley maps.
They also maintained a summer residence, first in Beverly Farms (ca. 1905) and later in Wenham (by 1925).
During the 1907-1908 winter season, Alanson and Frances Daniels lived at 10 Commonwealth with Frances Daniels’s aunt, Esther (Pomeroy) Ahl, the widow of Daniel Ahl. They may have been living at 10 Commonwealth while remodeling was being done at 1 Fairfield. They probably continued to live at 10 Commonwealth during the 1908-1909 winter season (they were listed in the 1909 Blue Book at both 10 Commonwealth and 1 Fairfield), but moved soon thereafter back to 1 Fairfield.
Alanson Daniels died in December of 1931. Frances Daniels continued to live at 1 Fairfield until about 1945. She died in Wenham in 1946.
By 1946, 1 Fairfield was the home of John T. Ward and his wife, Agnes (Dowd) Ward. They previously had lived at 160 Mt. Vernon. A former professor of electrical engineering at MIT, he was a vice president of Boston Edison. They continued to live there until about 1950.
In early 1950, 1 Fairfield was acquired from the Wards by John T. and Marie Watson. The sale was reported by the Boston Globe on February 5, 1950. They previously had lived in an apartment at 31 Massachusetts Avenue.
1 Fairfield was shown as vacant in the 1954 City Directory.
By 1955, 1 Fairfield was the home of Pietro Belluschi and his wife, Helen (Hemmila) Belluschi. They previously had lived at 18 Trull, and before that in Cambridge and in Portland, Oregon.
Pietro Belluschi was an architect and, from 1951 to 1965, was Dean of MIT’s School of Architecture and Planning. In 1956, he designed the First Lutheran Church at 299 Berkeley.
Helen Belluschi died in March of 1962. He marred again in 1965 to Marjorie L. Bruckner, and they lived at 1 Fairfield until 1973, when they moved to Portland, Oregon.
In May of 1973, Norman L. Rasmussen and his wife, Laura S. Rasmussen, acquired 1 Fairfield from Pietro and Marjorie L. Belluschi. In October of 1978, Laura Rasmussen filed for (and subsequently received) permission to convert the property from a single-family dwelling to a two-family dwelling.
1 Fairfield subsequently changed hands. The legal occupancy remained as a two-family dwelling in 2014. From 1986, however, it was assessed as a three-family dwelling. It remained assessed as such in 2014.