416 Marlborough

416 Marlborough (2013)

416 Marlborough (2013)

Lot 106' x 112' (11,872 sf)

Lot 106′ x 112′ (11,872 sf)

416 Marlborough is located on the SE corner of Marlborough and Massachusetts Avenue, with 406 Marlborough to the east, 424 Marlborough to the west, across Mass. Ave., 411 Marlborough to the north, across Marlborough, and 355 Commonwealth to the south, across Alley 429.

416 Marlborough was designed by architect Willard T. Sears and built in 1895-1896 as a 32-unit apartment building, The Marlborough, for Washington Butcher Thomas.

Washington Thomas was a sugar manufacturer and an investor in real estate.  In addition to The Marlborough, in 1898-1899, he built the Hotel Cambridge at 483 Beacon.  He and his wife, Caroline (Wadleigh) Thomas, lived at 285 Commonwealth and then at 20 Gloucester.

Washington Thomas purchased the land for 416 Marlborough on November 30, 1892, from Walter C. Cabot and the estate of Benjamin Williams Crowninshield. It was the western 106 feet of a parcel with a 498 foot frontage on Marlborough that Walter C. Cabot and Benjamin W. Crowninshield had acquired on January 20, 1880, from John Brooks Fenno and William Storer Eaton. J. Brooks Fenno and William Eaton had purchased the land that same day from Grenville T. W. Braman, Henry D. Hyde, and Henry M. Whitney, trustees of a real estate investment trust that had purchased several parcels of land on March 1, 1872, from the Boston Water Power Company.

Click here for an index to the deeds for 416 Marlborough, and click here for further information on the land on the south side of Marlborough between Hereford and Massachusetts Avenue.

On April 26, 1894, the Boston Herald reported that Willard Sears had prepared plans for “a handsome new building” with “four stores and 16 suites” to be built for William B. Thomas. “It will be five stories in height and 100 feet front.  On the lower floor are to be four stores and two entrances to the apartments above.  The suites will each contain a reception room, parlor, square hall, two chambers, bath room, dining room, kitchen and maid’s room.  Two passenger elevators in the front and two service lifts in the rear will each be surrounded by a stairway, enclosed in brick.  On the Marlboro street side are to be four series of bay windows, and on the avenue side two of them.  The stores and entrance halls will be on Marlborough street.”

Boston Herald, 27Nov1895

On June 11, 1895, the Boston Evening Transcript reported that the permit for the building had been approved.

The plans for the building had changed substantially from those reported by the Herald the previous year. A July 25, 1895, article in the Boston Globe reported on the latest design: “Washington B. Thomas is having plans prepared for a large apartment house on the corner of Massachusetts av and Marlboro st. It will be eight stories in height, and will occupy 11,872 square feet of land. There will be a frontage on Marlboro st of 100 feet and on Massachusetts av of 125 feet. There will be about 40 suites, most of them arranged for housekeeping. The lower floor will be specially arranged for physicians’ offices. There will be no stoves in the building.”

On November 27, 1895, as the building was under construction, the Boston Herald reported that it would be “the largest fireproof family apartment house” in Boston.  It noted that “all of the suites are arranged for housekeeping, with kitchens and servants’ rooms connected on the same floor. Every room and all the windows face upon the open air, and the rooms will be warmed by hot water.  Each suite is supplied with hot and cold water from exposed plumbing, and is lighted by electric and gas lights.  An important feature is the furniture elevators connecting each suite directly with the central court yard and rear driveways, allowing furniture and packages to be taken to and from the wagons without being carried through the house corridors and stairways.”

Boston Evening Transcript, 1Oct1896

The Marlborough was completed in mid-1896, and on September 2, 1896, the Boston Evening Transcript described to the building in some detail.  The first residents had taken up occupancy by the 1896-1897 winter season.

On December 26, 1911, Washington B. Thomas created the Marlborough Real Estate Trust, with Leslie C. Wead and Edward Peirce as trustees, to hold his real estate assets. When he established the trust, he transferred The Marlborough at 416 Marlborough, the Hotel Cambridge at 483 Beacon, and the Symphony Chambers at 327 Massachusetts Avenue and 242-248 Huntington to the trust.

Washington B. Thomas died in May of 1929. On December 29, 1933, the Marlborough Real Estate Trust transferred The Marlborough and the Hotel Cambridge to a trust that Washington B. Thomas had created in April of 1920 for the benefit of his wife, Caroline, and their children, Helen (Thomas) Warren, the wife of Samuel Dennis Warren, III, and Margaret (Thomas) Gardiner, the wife of William Tudor Gardiner. Herbert G. Sumner, William Tudor Gardiner, and Walter E. Hewins were the trustees. They held all of the outstanding shares of the Marlborough Real Estate Trust, which they terminated in conjunction with the transfer.

Caroline (Wadleigh) Thomas died in May of 1939.

The Thomas family trust continued to own the property until the mid-1950s.

On March 1, 1955, The Marlborough and the Hotel Cambridge were acquired by Miss Katherine F. Ladd. She was a secretary with Dreyfus Properties, which managed the buildings, and held them in her name on their behalf. She lived in Roslindale.

416 Marlborough, Massachusetts Avenue façade (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of The Gleason Partnership

416 Marlborough, Massachusetts Avenue façade (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of The Gleason Partnership

In the spring of 1970, Dreyfus Properties merged with another real estate firm, Theodore W. Berenson and Associates, to form Berenson Corp.

On March 10, 1971, The Marlborough was acquired by Leonard S. Green, Theodore W. Berenson, Albert L. Manley, and Joel B. Wilder – all executives of Berenson Corp. — as trustees of the Back Bay Trust. On the same day, the Hotel Cambridge was purchased from Katherine Ladd by Harold Brown, a real estate developer, and Leonard S. Green, as trustees of the Beacon Towers Trust.

On January 13, 1978, the Boston Mutual Life Insurance Company foreclosed on a mortgage given by the Back Bay Trust and took possession of The Marlborough.

On November 9, 1978, The Marlborough was purchased from Boston Mutual Life by Hal B. Decker and Thomas H. Decker.

The property changed hands and on August 27, 1986, was acquired by Berton M. Hochfeld, trustee of the Veaonia Realty Trust.

On November 1, 1989, the Veaonia Realty Trust, converted the property into seventy-one condominium units, seventy residential units and one commercial unit, the Four Hundred Sixteen Marlborough Condominium.

On June 1, 2000, the condominium master deed was amended to convert the commercial unit to residential use.

416 Marlborough, from the catalogue for the 1899 Exhibition of the Boston Architectural Club and Boston Society of Architects

416 Marlborough, from the catalogue for the 1899 Exhibition of the Boston Architectural Club and Boston Society of Architects