Francis Richmond Allen

Personal Data

Francis Richmond Allen was born in November 22, 1843, in Boston, the son of Frederick Deane Allen and his wife Mary Richmond Baylies (daughter of Thomas Baylies).

He married on January 5, 1875, to  Elizabeth Bradlee Wood (b. 22Jun1848 in Boston; d. 24Nov1930), daughter of Charles Greenleaf Wood and his wife Sara Hunnewell Bradlee.

Francis Allen died on November 7, 1931, at the Charlesgate Hotel in Boston.


Francis Allen graduated from Amherst College in 1865.  Upon graduation, he became a dry goods commission merchant in the firm of Allen, Lane & Co.  He withdrew from the business in 1876 to spend a year (1876-1877) studying architecture at MIT and another year (1877-1878) at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris.  In 1878, he returned to Boston and began his career as a practicing architect.

In about 1880, he formed a partnership with Herbert P. Kenway.  In his Houses of Boston’s Back Bay, Bainbridge Bunting states that the firm of Allen and Kenway was “the most consistent exponent of the Romanesque tradition in the Back Bay, and they had a distinctive way of handling it.  In five of the ten Romanesque houses they designed in the district between 1881 and 1888, they substituted balustrades or heavy horizontal cornices for the usual gabled roofs and thereby sacrificed the picturesque massing which is one artistic merit of a good Romanesque design.  And perhaps they thought the broad Syrian arch was unsuited to the pinched, vertical quality of the usual city façade or because its heavy spandrels reduced available window areas, they also omitted this conspicuous Richardson element.  Instead, they capped their entrances with tight, stilted arches surrounded by heavy archivolts carved with an acanthus leaf pattern.  The firm was also fond of Auvergnat marquetry (colored stone set in geometric patterns) and areas of intricate Byzantine-like decoration carved in brownstone.”

Herbert Kenway died in July of 1890.  Francis Allen continued as a sole practitioner until about 1896, when he joined in partnership with James McArthur Vance, who resided in Pittsfield.  In 1898, they designed the reconstruction and expansion of Emmanuel Church at 15 Newbury. They remained partners until about 1902.  Vance continued to practice in Pittsfield.

Francis Allen joined in partnership with Charles Collens.  The firm of Allen and Collens continued until Francis Allen’s death in 1931, with offices in Boston and New York City.

Among its work in New England, Allen and Collens designed Andover Hall (1911) at the Harvard Divinity School in Cambridge, the Second Church of West Newton (1916), St. Clement’s Eucharistic Shrine (1920) at 1101 Boylston, the Lindsey Memorial Chapel (1924) at Emmanuel Church on Newbury, and several buildings at Williams College (Williamston MA).  Henry C. Pelton, who designed The Cloisters in New York, was associated with the New York office of the firm, and led the firm’s design work for many significant buildings in Manhattan.

Back Bay Work

1879 274 Marlborough
1880 342 Beacon [Allen and Kenway]
1880 344 Beacon [Allen and Kenway]
1880 198 Commonwealth [Allen and Kenway]
1881 318 Beacon [Allen and Kenway]
1881 269 Commonwealth [Allen and Kenway]
1882 346 Beacon [Allen and Kenway]
1882 324 Beacon (Demolished) [Allen and Kenway]
1882 200 Commonwealth [Allen and Kenway]
1882 202 Commonwealth [Allen and Kenway]
1882 386 Marlborough [Allen and Kenway]
1884 282 Commonwealth [Allen and Kenway]
1884 291 Commonwealth [Allen and Kenway]
1885 206 Commonwealth [Allen and Kenway]
1885 208 Commonwealth [Allen and Kenway]
1886 348 Beacon [Allen and Kenway]
1886 408 Beacon [Allen and Kenway]
1888 347 Commonwealth [Allen and Kenway]
1891 460 Beacon [Allen and Kenway]