376 Marlborough

376 Marlborough (2013)

376 Marlborough (2013)

Lot 20' x 112' (2,240 sf)

Lot 20′ x 112′ (2,240 sf)

376 Marlborough is located on the south side of Marlborough, between Hereford and Massachusetts Avenue, with 374 Marlborough to the east and 378 Marlborough to the west.

376 Marlborough was designed by architect Carl Fehmer and built in 1880 by Benjamin F. Dewing, mason, as the home of Miss Anne Dana Sever and Miss Emily Sever, sisters. They previously had lived at 94 Chestnut Street (where their sister, Mary Sever, a Sister of Charity, lived with them at the time of the 1880 US Census).

Anne and Emily Sever are shown as the owners on the original building permit application, dated May 13, 1880. Annie D. Sever et al are shown as the owners on the 1883, 1888, and 1895 Bromley maps.

The Misses Sever were living elsewhere during the 1885-1886 and 1886-1887 winter seasons.

During the 1885-1886 winter season, 376 Marlborough was the home of Mrs. N. K. Bishop, probably Mrs. Nancy King (Dabney) Bishop, the widow of William Winsor Bishop.  She had lived at 7 Exeter in 1875.  Her usual residence was in Providence, where her husband had been a cotton manufacturer and bleachery operator before his death in January of 1865, killed with two of their daughters in the sinking of the SS Melville.

During the 1886-1887 winter season, it was the home of General William Stowell Tilton and his wife, Elizabeth (Loring) Tilton.  He.had served in the Civil War, receiving the rank of brevet brigadier general in 1865, and subsequently served as governor of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers in Togus, Maine, from 1869 until his retirement in 1883.  He also was a noted horse breeder.

Anne Sever had resumed living at 376 Marlborough by the 1887-1888 winter season, and Emily Sever had resumed living with her by the 1889-1890 season.

Anne Sever died in March of 1896.  Emily Sever continued to live at 376 Marlborough.

The Heirs of Anne D. Sever, et al, are shown as the owners on the 1898 and 1908 Bromley maps. Emily Sever is shown as the owner on the 1912 and 1917 maps, and was the assessed owner through 1927.

By the 1918-1919 winter season, Emily Sever had been joined at 376 Marlborough by her nurse, Miss Madeline Georgina Revell.

Emily Sever and Madeline Revell continued to live at 376 Marlborough during the 1923-1924 winter season.  By the early 1920s, and possibly before, Emily Sever  maintained a summer home in Newport. She was living there in 1924 and 376 Marlborough was temporarily the home of Mrs. Susan (Jackson) Williams, the widow of real estate trustee Ralph Blake Williams.  She had lived at 459 Beacon in 1923.  She moved from 376 Marlborough by 1925 and by 1926 was living at 431 Beacon.

Emily Sever and Madeline Revell lived at at 376 Marlborough during thr 1924-1925 winter season.  Emily Sever died in July of 1925 in Newport.

376 Marlborough was not listed in the 1926 Blue Book.

During the 1926-1927 winter season, 376 Marlborough was the home of Warwick Greene.  He previously had lived at 80 Pinckney.  He was president of the New England Oil Refining Company and formerly had been director of public works in the Philippines (until 1916) and then director of the War Relief Commission of the Rockefeller Foundation.  By 1927, he had moved to 30 Allston.

376 Marlborough (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of the Boston Athenaeum

376 Marlborough (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of the Boston Athenaeum

In the fall of 1927, 376 Marlborough was purchased from the estate of Emily Sever by real estate trustee Harris Hooper Lawrence, and his wife, Theodora Maria (Eldredge) Lawrence.  The transaction was reported in the Boston Globe on November 27, 1927.  They previously had lived at 470 Beacon.  Theodora Lawrence is shown as the owner on the 1928 Bromley map and was the assessed owner through 1930.  They also maintained a home in Concord.

Harris Hooper Lawrence died in September of 1927, and Theodora Lawrence died in February of 1929.

After her death, 376 Marlborough became the home of their five unmarried children: Caroline, Barbara, Theodora, Frances, and Thomas. Edward Henry Eldredge (Theodora Lawrence’s brother) et al, trustees, were the assessed owners from 1931 through 1934.

Caroline Lawrence married April of 1930 to Frederick Shattuck Whiteside, a textile mill executive, and they continued to live at 376 Marlborough.  Her sisters and brother continued to live with them.  They all continued to live there in 1933.  By 1935, the Whitesides were living in Cambridge.

In the fall of 1934, 376 Marlborough was acquired from Theodora Lawrence’s estate by John J. Reardon.  The transaction was reported in the Boston Globe on October 7, 1934.John Reardon was the assessed owner in 1935 and 1936.

The house was not listed in the 1934-1937 Blue Books and 1934-1937 Lists of Residents, and is shown as vacant in the 1934-1937 City Directories.

By 1937, 376 Marlborough was owned by the New England Order of Protection, which was the assessed owner in 1937.

In the spring of 1937, 376 Marlborough was purchased from the New England Order of Protection by Dr. Chauncey N. Lewis. The transaction was reported in the Boston Globe on May 13, 1937. Dr. Lewis was a dentist and oral surgeon, and also maintained his dental office there.  He previously had lived in Melrose and had maintained his office at 406 Marlborough.  He is shown as the owner of 376 Marlborough on the 1938 Bromley map and was the assessed owner through 1940.  He also maintained a home in Weymouth.

In April of 1937, he applied for (and subsequently received) permission to convert the property from a single-family dwelling into a single-family dwelling and doctor’s office.

In July of 1938, he applied for (and subsequently received) permission to add a penthouse, including removing the “high peak on [the] front wall” and building a “brick cornice at roof level.”  The penthouse was located on the eastern half of the roof.  Plans for the addition, prepared by architect Robert L. Davison, are included in the City of Boston Blueprints Collection in the Boston Public Library’s Arts Department (reference BIN R-12).

In 1939, he married Mrs. Annabel (Park) Fabyan, the widow of Francis Wright Fabyan.  She previously had lived at 31 Gloucester and in Buzzard’s Bay, where her first husband died in September of 1937.  After their marriage, they lived at 376 Marlborough and maintained their summer home in Buzzard’s Bay. Chauncey Lewis et al were the assessed owners of 376 Marlborough from 1941 through 1947.

Annabel Lewis’s niece, Florence Jones, lived with them.  She was the daughter of Ralph Augustus Jones and Florence (Park) Jones (she had been born in August of 1925 and her mother had died in childbirth or soon thereafter; it appears that she was raised by her aunt, Annabel Lewis, and her grandmother, Gertrude May (Hood) Park).

Annabel Lewis died in February of 1946.  Chauncey Lewis continued live and maintain his medical offices at 376 Marlborough until about 1947.

In November of 1947, Russell Franklin Stanley and his wife, Alva Kristina (Lindstrom) Stanley, purchased 376 Marlborough from Chauncey Lewis.  Russell F. Stanley et al were the assessed owners from 1948 through 1955, and possibly later.  Russell Stanley was with the state police and Alva Stanley was a nurse.  They lived on the top floor of the building and operated the property as a lodging house.  They had married in June of 1946 and had lived at 121 Beacon with her parents, Bror August Lindstrom and Alida Kristina (Akerblom) Lindstrom.

In March of 1954, the Stanleys applied for (and subsequently received) permission to convert the property into a two-family dwelling and lodging house.  They continued to live there until about 1955.

By the mid-1960s, 376 Marlborough was a six unit apartment house.

The property changed hands and in July of 1979 was purchased by Kevin O’Reilly, trustee of the 376 Marlborough Street Trust.

In March of 1980, Bailey O’Reilly Associates applied for (and subsequently received) permission to legalize the occupancy as six apartments, which they indicated was the existing condition.

In February of 1980, Kevin O’Reilly converted the property into six condominium units, the 376 Marlborough Street Condominium.

In March of 1987, Thomas Buckeley, the owner of the top floor condominium, applied for (and subsequently received) permission to expand the existing penthouse.