440 Marlborough is located on the south side of Marlborough, between Massachusetts Avenue and Charlesgate East, with 438 Marlborough to the east, and the rear of 393 Commonwealth to the west.
440 Marlborough was designed by architect Obed F. Smith and built in 1885-1886 by Charles H. Dodge, mason, for building contractor George Wheatland, Jr., for speculative sale, one of six contiguous houses (430-432-434-436-438-440 Marlborough), arranged in a symmetrical group, the three to the east (430-434 Marlborough) with bays on the eastern side, and the three to the west (436-440 Marlborough) with bays on the western side. The peaks of the bays have varied designs. George Wheatland, Jr., is shown as the owner on the original building permit for 440 Marlborough, dated October 16, 1885. At the same time, George Wheatland, Jr., was having six more houses built at 381-391 Commonwealth on the lots to the south, behind 430-440 Marlborough, also designed by Obed Smith and built by Charles Dodge.
By 1888, 440 Marlborough was the home of wholesale lumber merchant Edward Jonathan Hammond and his wife, Alice Ida (Eastman) Hammond. They previously had lived at 7 Columbus Square. Edward Hammond is shown as the owner of 440 Marlborough on the 1888 and 1895 Bromley maps.
They continued to live at 440 Marlborough during the 1895-1896 winter season, but moved thereafter to 1766 Beacon in Brookline.
440 Marlborough was not listed in the 1897 Blue Book.
In May of 1897, Mrs. Sarah Winslow (Howard) Pickering, the widow of Arthur Pickering, purchased 440 Marlborough from Edward Hammond. She previously had lived at 64 Dudley. She is shown as the owner of 440 Marlborough on the 1898 and 1908 Bromley maps.
Sarah Pickering’s son and daughter, Arthur Howard Pickering and Susan Howard Pickering, lived with her. Arthur Pickering was a teacher and a popular public reader, known for his recitations of poetry and works of literature. Also living with them was Sarah Pickering’s unmarried sister, Hepsie Swan Howard.
Arthur Howard Pickering died in December of 1904 and Sarah Winslow Pickering died in March of 1907. Susan Pickering and her aunt, Hepsie Howard, continued to live at 440 Marlborough. They also maintained a summer home in York Harbor, Maine. Sarah W. Pickering (presumably her heirs) was shown as the owner of 440 Marlborough on the 1912, 1917, and 1928 Bromley maps.
Hepsie Howard died in April of 1917. Susan Pickering continued to live at 440 Marlborough until her death ca. 1935.
440 Marlborough was not listed in the 1936 Blue Book.
By the 1936-1937 winter season, 440 Marlborough was the home of Thomas C. Dolan, a building contractor, and his wife, Susan (Tobin) Dolan. They previously had lived at 465 Commonwealth. Susan Dolan is shown as the owner of 440 Marlborough on the 1938 Bromley map.
Susan Dolan died in October of 1949 and Thomas Dolan died in April of 1950.
By 1954, 440 Marlborough was the home of Mrs. Rachel (Dickson) Clark, the widow of James Clark, and their daughter, Louise T. Clark, a teacher. They previously had lived in an apartment as 31 Massachusetts Avenue.
In September of 1955, Louise Clark applied for (and subsequently received) permission to convert 440 Marlborough into a lodging house.
Rachel Clark died in March of 1961. Louise Clark continue to live at 440 Marlborough until about 1964.
In June of 1969, 440 Marlborough was acquired by Lawrence Mezoff and Robert S. Morgan, trustees of the 440 Realty Trust, who made it their home. They previously had lived in an apartment at 31 Commonwealth. Lawrence Mezoff was an advertising and marketing executive, and Robert Morgan was a public health administrator, general director of the Dimock Community Health Center in Roxbury.
In July of 1985, Lawrence Mezoff filed for (and subsequently received) permission to legalize the occupancy as a three-family dwelling, which he indicated was the existing condition. In September of 1985, they transferred the property to themselves, as tenants in common.
Robert Morgan died in January of 1987.
In July of 1987, Leonard E. Davenport, trustee of the Saxe Nominee Trust, purchased 440 Marlborough.
440 Marlborough subsequently changed hands, including going through foreclosure, and in June of 1994, it was purchased by Robert H. Oppenheim, an artist and professor of art, and his wife, Roberta A. (Levene) Oppenheim.
440 Marlborough remained a three-family dwelling in 2014.