53 Marlborough is located on the NW corner of Marlborough and Berkeley, with 301 Berkeley to the east, across Berkeley, 57 Marlborough to the west, 300 Berkeley to the north, and First Church Boston to the south, across Marlborough.
53 Marlborough was designed by Sturgis and Brigham, architects, and built in 1867 as the home of wine merchant Edward Wainwright Codman and his wife Leslie Prince (Tilden) Codman. They previously had lived at 35 Charles. Their only child, Leslie Wainwright Codman, lived with them.
Edward Codman purchased the land for 53 Marlborough on February 28, 1865, from Horace Gray, Jr., an Associate Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court and later Chief Justice of the Massachusetts court and then an Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court. It was part of a larger lot which included the land where 53 Marlborough and 300-302-304 Berkeley would be built. Horace Gray, Jr., had acquired the lot on August 8, 1863, from shipping merchant and real estate investor John Lowell Gardner, whose sister, Sarah Russell (Gardner) Gray, was Horace Gray, Jr.’s step-mother. John L, Gardner had purchased the land from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on May 2, 1860.
Click here for an index to the deeds for 53 Marlborough.
During the 1879-1880 winter season, 53 Marlborough was the home of iron manufacturer George Parsons King and his wife, Sarah Williams (Lothrop) King. They previously had lived in Roxbury. They moved by the next season, and by the 1881-1882 season were living at the the Hotel Vendôme while they awaited completion of their new home at 21 Fairfield.
The Codmans had resumed living at 53 Marlborough by the 1880-1881 winter season.
During the 1886-1887 winter season, they traveled abroad and 53 Marlborough was the home of Francis Inman Amory, an attorney, and his wife, Grace Josephine (Minot) Amory. They had married in May of 1886 and 53 Marlborough probably was their first home together. They had moved to 116 Beacon by the next season.
Leslie Wainwright Codman died in August of 1902, Leslie (Tilden) Codman died in March of 1903, and Edward Codman died in December of 1904. In his will, Edward Codman left 53 Marlborough to the Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard College.
On March 27, 1905, 53 Marlborough was purchased from Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard College by Emma Louise (Gildersleeve) Lane, the wife of Gardiner Martin Lane. They previously had lived at 341 Beacon.
After acquiring the house, the Lanes significantly remodeled it, including adding the library extension at the western side of the house (where there previously had been a garden). The remodeling probably was designed by Emma Lane’s brother, New York architect Raleigh Colson Gildersleeve. At about the same time, he designed the Lanes’ home in Manchester, The Chimneys.
Gardiner Lane was a partner in the investment banking firm of Lee, Higginson & Co. In 1907, he resigned from the firm to become President of the Museum of Fine Arts.
Their daughter, Katharine Ward Lane, lived with them. She was a noted sculptress.
During the mid-1920s, Emma and Katharine Lane were living elsewhere and 53 Marlborough was the home of attorney Pierpont Langley Stackpole and his wife, Laura (McGinley) Knowles Stackpole. Her children by her marriage to Lucius James Knowles — Lucius, Jr., and Sarah Montgomery Knowles — lived with them. In 1924, they had lived at 314 Dartmouth.
The Stackpoles continued to live at 53 Marlborough during the 1926-1927 winter season, but by the next season had moved to 257 Commonwealth and 53 Marlborough was once again the home of Emma and Katharine Lane.
A June 25, 1941, Boston Globe “New England Sketchbook” article on the house indicated that, when the house was used for social occasions, “it is not the impressive front entrance that is used. No, a door to the left of it serves the many guests. Furthermore, it is a subterranean passageway, reminding one of old slave days when there was an underground railroad made up of just such tunnels. Less romantic in origin is this one, for it is perhaps because of the house having no back yard that this entrance exists.”
Katharine Lane married in November of 1947 to Fontaine Carrington Weems, a banker, and moved to New York City.
53 Marlborough remained Katharine (Lane) Weems’s property, and in 1957 she leased it to the French Institute for use as the French Library and Cultural Center. It previously had been located at 10 Arlington.
On December 27, 1961, and January 17, 1962 (in two separate transactions), Katharine Weems donated 53 Marlborough to the French Library. In her second deed, she specified that the donation was to be used only for the purposes of the French Library and related French cultural purposes, and could not be be sold or otherwise disposed of unless the Board of Trustees of the French Library determined doing so would be “essential…due to changed circumstances.”
In April of 1972, the French Library also acquired 300 Berkeley next door as an annex to its facilities.
53 Marlborough and 300 Berkeley continued to be the French Cultural Center in 2018.