64 Commonwealth

64 Commonwealth (2016)

Lot 23.79' x 124.5' (2,962 sf)

Lot 23.79′ x 124.5′ (2,962 sf)

64 Commonwealth is located on the south side of Commonwealth, between Berkeley and Clarendon, with 62 Commonwealth to the east and 66 Commonwealth to the west.

64 Commonwealth was built in 1871-1872, one of three contiguous houses (62-64-66 Commonwealth).  The three houses form a symmetrical composition, with 64 Commonwealth, in the center, a full story higher with a tall mansard roof ornamented with iron cresting.  The flanking houses at 62 and 66 Commonwealth are mirror images of each other.  Horizontal string courses of stone unify the façade.

All three houses were built for real estate dealer Henry Bigelow Williams for speculative sale. He and his wife, Sarah Louisa (Frothingham) Williams, lived at 317 Dartmouth with his wife’s parents, Samuel Frothingham, Jr., and Maria Louise (Whitredge) Frothingham.

Bainbridge Bunting, in the Appendix to his Houses of Boston’s Back Bay, does not indicate an architect for 62-64-66 Commonwealth. However, in the introduction to the Appendix, he notes that “subsequent to the second printing of this book in 1968 the attributions to important architects of several early Back Bay houses have been brought to my attention by friends.” Among these, Bunting indicates that, “from a sifting of mountainous drawings and office correspondence now in the possession of the Boston Public Library, Wheaton Holden has been able to identify” that 62-64 Commonwealth were designed by Peabody and Stearns. Inasmuch as the three houses were built as a unit, this would imply that 66 Commonwealth also was designed by them. This is consistent with an August 23, 1871, Boston Traveller article on work underway by Peabody and Stearns, which notes that they designed “3 expensive houses for sale on Commonwealth avenue, below Berkeley street,” being built by Henry Bigelow Williams.

The land for 62-64-66 Commonwealth was composed of three lots, with a combined frontage of 80 feet, acquired by Henry Bigelow Williams in November and December of 1871. The lot to the west was part of a lot originally purchased from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on January 17, 1866, by John Phelps Putnam, who built his home at 60 Commonwealth. The center lot was purchased from the Commonwealth, also on January 17, 1866, by Henry Bigelow Williams’s father-in-law, Samuel Frothingham Jr. The lot to the west was purchased on November 9, 1871, from the Commonwealth by Henry Bigelow Williams.

At the same time he acquired the lot to the east, he sold back a two inch strip to John Phelps Putnam so that the western party wall between his house at 60 Commonwealth and the house to be built at 62 Commonwealth would rest equally on both sides of the boundary between the two properties. As a result, the lots for 62-64-66 Commonwealth each were fractionally reduced.

Click here for an index to the deeds for 64 Commonwealth, and click here for further information about the land between the south side of Commonwealth and Alley 436, from Berkeley to Clarendon.

In late July of 1871, Henry B. Williams filed with the office of the Street Commissioners a Notice of Intention to Build for the three houses (reported in the Boston Evening Transcript on July 31, 1871). Construction probably started soon thereafter.

On December 2, 1872, 64 Commonwealth was purchased from Henry Bigelow Williams by a real estate investment trust formed by Charles Allen, Isaac S. Cruft, and Charles R. Thayer. The deed included a restriction specifying that no structure could be built in the rear yard any higher than the floor of the dining room, which was six and one-half feet above the sidewalk on Commonwealth, without the permission of the owners of 62 Commonwealth and 66 Commonwealth.

Charles Allen was an attorney and served as Massachusetts Attorney General from 1867 to 1872. He later served as an associate justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judivial Court. Isaac S. Crufts and Charles R. Thayer were merchants.

On the same day as they acquired 64 Commonwealth, and probably as consideration for it, Charles Allen, Isaac S. Crufts, and Charles R. Thayer transferred to Henry Bigelow Williams land at the southeast corner of Boylston and Clarendon where he subsequently built the Brunswick Hotel (Allen, Crufts, and Thayer had acquired the land in 1871 and in March of 1872 had received legislative approval of a corporation, the Proprietors of the Huntington House, “for the purpose of owning and maintaining a family hotel,” to be located on the corner of Boylston and Clarendon Streets; they subsequently did not build the hotel, possibly because of financial hardships created by the Boston fire of November 9, 1872).

It appears that, after they acquired 64 Commonwealth, the house was unoccupied for several years.

On April 19, 1875, Isaac Crufts transferred his interest in the property to Charles Allen.

In mid-1876, 64 Commonwealth was advertised for sale by real estate dealer John Jeffries, Jr., described in an August 14, 1876, Boston Journal advertisement as a new house.  On October 5, 1876 (and other dates), he further advertised in the Journal that the house was “for sale, lease, or exchange for lots well located on the Back Bay” and “can be bought at a bargain.”

On October 27, 1876, 64 Commonwealth was acquired from Charles Allen and Charles Thayer by Charlotte Frances (Pinkham) Farnsworth, the wife of Edward Miller Farnsworth, They previously had lived in Revere, where they continued to maintain a home. He was a dealer in shoe findings

They continued to live at 64 Commonwealth during the 1880-1881 winter season, after which they made Revere their year-round home.

On February 23, 1881, 64 Commonwealth was purchased from Charlotte Farnsworth by Mary Fletcher (Horton) Pierce, the wife of Charles Wilder Pierce. They previously had lived at 11 Union Park. They also maintained a home, Sunnyside, in Stanstead, Quebec, where Charles Pierce had been born.

Charles Pierce had been a dry goods merchant in partnership with his brother, Carlos Pierce.  By 1872, he had become secretary and treasurer of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad.  He had retired by 1880.

During the 1884-1885 winter season, the Pierces were joined at 64 Commonwealth by Charles Pierce’s brother-in-law and sister, Gordon L. Goodwin and Julia (Pierce) Goodwin.  They had lived at 19 Union Park in 1880.  He was assistant treasurer of the Santa Fe Railroad.  By the next season, they had moved to the Hotel Brunswick (southeast corner of Boylston and Clarendon).

The Pierces continued to live at 64 Commonwealth until Charles Pierce’s death in April of 1889.

After his death, Mary Pierce and their unmarried daughter, Elizabeth Frances Pierce, moved to Newton Centre. They also continued to maintain their home in Stanstead.

Mary Pierce continued to own 64 Commonwealth and lease it to others.  On February 2, 1894, she transferred it to her daughter, Elizabeth.

By the 1889-1890 winter season, 64 Commonwealth was the home of retired shoe and leather dealer Daniel Harwood and his wife, Sophia (Wardwell) Harwood. They also maintained a home in Hingham, which previously had been their primary residence.

Living with them was Samuel W. Greene, a teller at the Atlantic National Bank, who previously had been a lodger at 249 Berkeley.

They continued to live at 64 Commonwealth during the 1891-1892 winter season, joined by Abby S. (Bangs) Dennis, the widow of Samuel James Dennis.  By the 1892-1893 winter season, the Harwoods, Mrs. Dennis, and Samuel Greene had all moved to 381 Commonwealth.

Boston Evening Transcript, 12Jul1892

In the autumn of 1892, 64 Commonwealth became the home of Miss Catharine (Catherine) Jane Chamberlayne. She was founder and principal of Miss Chamberlayne’s School for Girls, which she operated at 64 Commonwealth. She was joined by Miss Mary E. Tappan, who taught in the school and served as assistant principal. They lived and operate the school at 64 Commonwealth during the 1895-1896 winter season, but moved thereafter to 253 Commonwealth, where they continued to operate the school.

During the 1896-1897 winter season, Mary (Horton) Pierce and Elizabeth Pierce were once again living at 64 Commonwealth. By 1898, they had moved to Washington DC to live with Mary Pierce’s brother-in-law and sister, Elijah Caleb Foster and Judith Ellen (Horton) Avery Foster. Judith Horton Foster was an early woman lawyer and a leader of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union; Elijah Foster was a lawyer and judge.

Elizabeth Pierce continued to lease 64 Commonwealth to others.

During the 1897-1898 winter season, it was the home of George Adelbert Alden and his wife, Harriet (Hadley) Alden.  They previously had lived at the Hotel Vendome. They also maintained a home in Needham-Wellesley.  George Alden was a shipping merchant dealing in rubber, goat skins, cocoa, and other commodities.

The Aldens’ country home, The Ridge, had formerly been the home of William Emerson Baker and his wife, Charlotte Augusta (Farnsworth) Baker, who had lived there and at 278 Commonwealth. The house was part of Ridge Hill Farms, located partially in Needham and partially in Wellesley. According to the Wellesley Historical Society, William Baker had developed the property “into something closer to an amusement park in addition to a summer residence for a family. At its peak Ridge Hill Farms was home to over 100 attractions which included man-made lakes, bear pits, various exhibits, and a luxury hotel. Portions of the property were open to the public and Baker hosted a number of events, such as a funeral for a bear by the name of Billy Bruin.” George Alden had acquired the house and some of the surrounding property after William Baker’s death in January of 1888.

By 1899, the Aldens had moved back to the Vendome.

From about this time, 64 Commonwealth became a multiple dwelling, with medical offices and lodging units.

62-66 Commonwealth (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of The Gleason Partnership

62-66 Commonwealth (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of The Gleason Partnership

Among the occupants of 64 Commonwealth during the 1898-1899 winter season was Baroness Rose Moore (Smith) Posse, the widow of Baron Nils Posse. She previously had lived at the Hotel Oxford (southwest corner of Exeter and Huntington). She operated the Posse Gymnasium at 23 Irvington, a school teaching (according to its advertisements in the Boston Evening Transcript) a “normal course in Medical and Educational Gymnastics for men and women.” The school had been founded by her husband, who had died in December of 1895.  By the 1899-1900 season, she had moved to 116 Beacon.

By the 1898-1899 winter season, 64 Commonwealth also had become the medical office of Dr. William Joseph Daly, a physician. He continued to maintain his office there until about 1910. He lived at 561 Massachusetts Avenue with his parents, Timothy and Catharine (Hagerty) Daly, until about 1903, and then at 14 Sparhawk in Brighton. He married in April of 1908 to Marguerite Sterling Gallagher. After their marriage, they lived in Brookline until about 1910, when they moved to The Stratford at 31 Massachusetts Avenue, where he moved his office as well.

By 1900, 64 Commonwealth was the home of Jennie (Scott) Scheuber, the widow of Charles Scheuber, who managed the lodging house. Her son, Francis (Frank) Ball Scheuber, lived with her, as did her half-sister, Louisa (Schmidt/Smith) Miller Center, the widow of John Christian Miller and Alexander L. Center, and her son, John Charles Miller. They all previously had lived in Fort Worth, Texas.  They probably moved to Boston because John Miller was attending Harvard with the Class of 1901 and Frank Scheuber was about to enter Harvard with the Class of 1905. He withdrew in 1903, after completing his sophomore year, and they all returned to Fort Worth.

Mary (Horton) Pierce died in November of 1903 at her home in Stanstead.

Elizabeth Pierce continued to live in Washington DC. In 1905, she offered 64 Commonwealth for sale.  A May 14, 1905, Boston Evening Transcript advertisement described the property as containing 14 rooms and 3 bathrooms, with a “water elevator” and “indirect steam heat.” The house did not sell and she continued to lease it to others.

By the 1907-1908 winter season, the lodging house at 64 Commonwealth operated by Elihu R. Spencer, a former Shakespearean actor, and his wife, Isabel (Martin) Pengra Spencer. They previously had lived at 213 Newbury. Charles Oliver Pengra, Isabel Spencer’s son by her marriage to Dr. Charles P. Pengra, lived with them.  He graduated from Harvard in 1912 and from Harvard Law School in 1914. The Spencers lived at 64 Commonwealth during the 1913-1914 winter season, but moved thereafter. They subsequently separated; at the time of the 1920 US Census Elihu Spencer was living in Buffalo with his mother, Caroline (Kinney) Spencer, the widow of Elihu Alonzo Spencer, and Isabel Spencer was living with her son in Brookline.

Boston Evening Transcript, 12Aug1914

On August 12, 1914, 64 Commonwealth was purchased from Elizabeth Pierce by Arthur Merton Hazard. He was a portrait and landscape artist, and also operated the Boston School of Painting at 20 St. Botolph. He remodeled 64 Commonwealth and moved his studio and the school to the house. He and his wife, Julia Hazel (Closterhouse) Hazard, lived in Brookline.

In addition to serving as Arthur Hazard’s school and studio, 64 Commonwealth also continued to be multiple dwelling (probably a three family dwelling) and medical offices and studios.

Among his longterm tenants was Dr. Frederick E. Cheney, who maintained his office there from about 1915 until his death in 1924.  He lived in Concord, Massachusetts, and previously had maintained his office at 126 Commonwealth.

Also from about 1915, Miss Louise Matter, an artist and sculptor, maintained her studio at 64 Commonwealth.  She lived in Brookline until about 1918, but had moved to 64 Commonwealth by the time of the 1920 US Census. She subsequently moved to California.

Arthur Hazard’s school ceased operation in about 1917.  He continued to maintain his studio there until 1923, when he moved to California.

On December 8, 1923, 64 Commonwealth was acquired from Arthur Hazard by Charles J. Donovan, and on December 23, 1923, it was acquired from him by Elsie (Malkus) White Keller, the wife of Boston Symphony cellist Joseph Keller. They lived at 535 Newbury.

In February of 1924, she was cited for failing to provide a second means of egress.  The citation was based on a February 5, 1924, inspection which found that the building was “occupied for offices on the first and second story, by two families on the third story, by one family on the fourth story, and by one family on the fifth floor.  While this building has two interior stairways, the said stairways are constructed close together and not at the extreme ends of the building, serving the purposes of only one stairway.”

On January 20, 1925, 64 Commonwealth was acquired from Elsie Keller by Edwin Lyons. It continued to be a multiple dwelling.

On April 30, 1929, Arthur F. Baker foreclosed on his second mortgage to Edwin Lyons and took possession of the property, transferring it to A. F. Baker & Co., Inc., and on April 28, 1931, the Columbian National Life Insurance Company foreclosed on its first mortgage took possession from A. F. Baker & Co.

On September 14, 1943, 64 Commonwealth was acquired from Columbian National by Thomas Lucey , who operated a building maintenance company at 30 Joy. On the same day, he conveyed the property to William Weisberg, a real estate dealer in Dorchester. The deed was not recorded until January 2, 1962, however, when William Weisberg sold the property, and therefore Thomas Lucey remained the assessed owner until then.

The property subsequently changed hands and on September 25, 1964, was acquired by telephone company executive Frank Henry Rowland, Jr., and his wife, Rose Julie (Cunningham) Rowland. They lived at 297 Marlborough.

On June 3, 1977, 64 Commonwealth was acquired from the Rowlands by John J. Campbell, trustee of the Commonwealth Realty Trust No. 64. On July 14, 1980, he transferred the property to John J. Campbell, Jr., and on October 24, 1980, it was purchased from him by Charles R. Laverty, Jr.

Over the previous decades, the number of units at 64 Commonwealth had been increased to eleven (permits for the remodeling are not included in the Building Department’s on-line files).

On October 27, 1980, Charles R. Laverty, Jr., converted 64 Commonwealth into eleven condominium units, the 64 Commonwealth Avenue Condominium.

62-66 Commonwealth (2016)