124 Marlborough was built ca. 1868 for merchant, cotton manufacturer, and real estate developer Charles W. Freeland, probably for speculative sale, one of 11 contiguous houses (110-130 Marlborough). The houses are arranged in a symmetrical composition, with two houses at each end of the group (110-112 Marlborough and 128-130 Marlborough) with bay windows which carry into the mansard roof, two pairs of intermediate houses with oriel windows (114-116 Marlborough and 124-126 Marlborough), and a central pavilion of three houses (118-120-122 Marlborough).
By 1871, 124 Marlborough was the home of ship builder and banker Harrison Otis Briggs and his wife, Hannah Elizabeth (Stetson) Briggs. In 1870, they lived at the Clarendon House. He is shown as the owner of 124 Marlborough on the 1874 Hopkins map. Hannah Briggs died in November of 1881, and Harrison Briggs died ten days later, in December of 1881.
By 1883, 124 Marlborough was the home of wool merchant Joseph Cutler Whitney and his wife Georgianna (Hayward) Whitney. They had been married in November of 1882, and 124 Marlborough probably was their first home together. His father, Henry Austin Whitney, is shown as the owner on the 1883 and 1888 Bromley maps. In late October of 1891, the Whitneys purchased and subsequently moved to 232 Marlborough.
By the 1892-1893 winter season, 124 Marlborough was the home of Curtis Guild, Jr., and his wife, Charlotte Howe (Johnson) Guild. They had been married in June of 1892, and 124 Marlborough probably was their first home together. Prior to their marriage, she had lived at 123 Marlborough with her widowed father, dry goods merchant Edward Crosby Johnson. He is shown as the owner of 124 Marlborough on the 1895, 1898. 1908, and 1917 Bromley maps.
Curtis Guild, Jr. was a partner in The Commercial Bulletin, founded by his father, and in 1902 became sole owner and editor. In 1903, he was elected Lt. Governor, and in 1905 he was elected Governor, serving until 1909. In 1908, he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination for Vice President.
The Guilds continued to live at 124 Marlborough in 1911. In that year, he was appointed Ambassador to Russia, and during the 1911-1912 winter season, 124 Marlborough was the home of Dana Malone and his wife, Margaret Bradford (Robbins) Malone. They had lived at 245 Beacon during the 1909-1910 season, but their primary residence was in Greenfield. Dana Malone was an attorney. He served as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives and State Senate, and from 1906 to 1910 was Massachusetts Attorney General. They moved from 124 Marlborough by the 1912-1913 season, and by the 1914-1915 season were living at 103 Beacon.
During the 1912-1913 winter season, 124 Marlborough was the home of stockbroker and banker Joshua Bennett Holden, Jr., and his wife Mabel (Bonsal) Holden. They had moved to 337 Commonwealth by the 1913-1914 season.
The Guilds returned from Russia following the election of Woodrow Wilson and had resumed living at 124 Marlborough by the 1913-1914 season.
Curtis Guild died in April of 1915.
Charlotte Guild continued to live at 124 Marlborough. In May of 1916, her father, Edward C. Johnson (who continued to live at 123 Marlborough), applied for (and subsequently received) permission to extend the second floor library eight feet over the yard in the rear of the building. Charlotte Guild is shown as the owner on the 1928 Bromley map. She also maintained a summer home in Nahant. She continued to live at 124 Marlborough in 1934, but moved to 144 Marlborough during the 1934-1935 winter season.
In the Spring of 1934, 124 Marlborough was acquired from Charlotte Guild by Alpheus Haskins. The sale was reported by the Boston Globe on April 8, 1934.
Soon thereafter, 124 Marlborough was acquired from Alpheus Haskins by Charles F. W. Cunningham. The sale was reported by the Boston Globe on May 27, 1934. He is shown as the owner on the 1938 Bromley map.
In May of 1939, Charles Cunningham was cited by the Building Department for converting the property into a tenement without a permit. In July of 1939, he filed for (and subsequently received) permission to convert the property from a single-family dwelling into a lodging house.
In January of 1941, the Building Department cited the Workingmen’s Cooperative Bank, which held the mortgage on 124 Marlborough, because the building had been converted into four apartments without a permit.
Charles Cunningham continued to live there until about 1946.
The property subsequently changed hands, remaining a multiple dwelling (either a lodging house or apartments), and in October of 1973 was acquired by Michael J. Callahan and his wife, Frances Madeline (Little) Callahan, from the New England Merchants National Bank, which may have taken ownership through foreclosure. In November of 1974, Michael and Frances Callahan filed for (and subsequently received) permission to convert the property from a lodging house into nine apartments, noting that “this has been nine apartments and assessed as such for many years. Current owner purchased above described building a month ago, assuming occupancy of nine apartments to be legal.”
In July of 1998, the 124 Marlborough LLC acquired 124 Marlborough. It remained an apartment house in 2010.