239 Commonwealth (22 Fairfield)

239 Commonwealth (2013)

239 Commonwealth (2013)

Lot 47.2' x 124.5' (5,876 sf)

Lot 47.2′ x 124.5′ (5,876 sf)

339 Commonwealth (22 Fairfield) is located on the NE corner of Commonwealth and Fairfield, with 235 Commonwealth to the east, 21 Fairfield to the west, across Fairfield, 20 Fairfield to the north, across Alley 426, and 30 Fairfield to the south, across Commonwealth.

239 Commonwealth (22 Fairfield) was designed by Sturgis and Brigham, architects, and built in 1882-1884 by D. Connery & Co., masons, and Benjamin D. Whitcomb, carpenter, as the home of Nathaniel Thayer, Jr., and his wife Cornelia Street (Barroll) Thayer. As originally built, the entrance was on Fairfield and the address was 22 Fairfield. He is shown as the owner on the original building permit application for 22 Fairfield, dated May 9, 1882.

22 Fairfield (239 Commonwealth) was built on a lot with a 47.2 foot frontage on Commonwealth. Nathaniel Thayer, Jr., purchased the corner lot, with a 41.57 foot frontage on November 22, 1880, from Ellen A. (Larrabee) Johnson, the wife of Henry M. Johnson. He combined it with a 5.63 foot wide lot to the east, part of a 26.63 foot lot he purchased on April 30, 1881, from Frederick Sears Grand d’Hauteville. In October of 1882, Nathaniel Thayer sold the remaining 21 feet of this lot to George Wheatland, Jr., who built his home there at 235 Commonwealth. On May 10, 1881, prior to his selling the lot to George Wheatland, Jr., Nathaniel Thayer, Jr., entered into an agreement with Frederck Sears Grand d’Hauteville that, for a period of twenty years, no stable would be built on the land where 235 Commonwealth and 239 Commonwealth subsequently would be built. The restriction was for the benefit of the owner of land at 233 Commonwealth, which Frederick Sears Grand d’Hauteville continued to own.

239 Commonwealth (22 Fairfield); American Architect and Building News, 30Jun1888

The land for 22 Fairfield (239 Commonwealth) was part of a larger parcel on which 233-235-239 Commonwealth subsequently were built. It was originally purchased from the Boston Water Power Company on February 16, 1863, by Daniel Davies, Jarvis Dwight Braman, and Grenville Temple Winthrop Braman. Grenville Braman was treasurer of the Boston Water Power Company, Jarvis Braman was his brother (and later president of the company), and Daniel Davies, a housewright and master carpenter, was Grenville Braman’s father-in-law.

Click here for an index to the deeds for 239 Commonwealth (22 Fairfield); click here for more information on the land at 233-235-239 Commonwealth; and click here for further information about all of the land between the north side of Commonwealth and Alley 426, from Exeter to Fairfield.

By the 1884-1885 winter season, Nathaniel and Cornelia (Barroll) Thayer had made 22 Fairfield their Boston home, the “Table Gossip” column in the Boston Globe noting that they were “occupying their handsome new house on Commonwealth avenue, although it is still unfinished.”  They previously had lived at 70 Mt. Vernon. They also maintained homes in Lancaster and Newport

In her book, Ogden Codman and the Decoration of Houses, Pauline C. Metcalf indicates that the Thayers retained Ogden Codman, Jr., to provide interior decoration of their Boston home.

22 Fairfield, Commonwealth façade (ca. 1890), courtesy of the Bostonian Society

239 Commonwealth (22 Fairfield), Commonwealth façade (ca. 1890), courtesy of the Bostonian Society

The Thayers also owned a stable at 355 Newbury which they had purchased in 1883. It remained in the Thayer family until 1936.

Nathaniel Thayer, Jr., was an investor in railroad, textile, and land companies.

The Thayers raised their three daughters – Cornelia Van Rensselaer Thayer, Anna Morton Thayer, and Sarah Barroll Thayer – at 22 Fairfield.

Cornelia Thayer died in February of 1885, and in June of 1887, Nathaniel Thayer, Jr., married again, to Pauline Revere.  After their marriage, they lived at 22 Fairfield and in Lancaster.  Pauline Thayer was one of the founders of the Chilton Club (152 Commonwealth) in 1910, and served as its president from its founding until her death.

Anna Thayer married in June of 1904 to William Samuel Patten of 303 Dartmouth, treasurer of an engineering and construction firm. After their marriage, they lived in Wellesley and then at 22 Fairfield for part of the winter season while Nathaniel and Pauline Thayer were traveling in Europe. During the 1905-1906 winter season, they lived at 337 Commonwealth, and then made their home in South Natick.

Cornelia Thayer married in June of 1907 to Count Carl Paul Oscar von Moltke of Denmark. After their marriage, they lived in Rome.

Nathaniel Thayer, Jr., died in March of 1911.

Sarah Thayer married in July of 1911 to Frederic Bayard Winthrop, a banker, of 280 Beacon. After their marriage, they lived at 299 Berkeley.

Pauline Thayer continued to live at 22 Fairfield, and to maintain homes in Lancaster and Newport, until her death in September of 1934.

239 Commonwealth (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of The Gleason Partnership

239 Commonwealth (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of The Gleason Partnership

On December 31, 1936, 22 Fairfield was purchased from the estate of Nathaniel Thayer, Jr., by Louis Marden of Winthrop, president and treasurer of the Marden Construction Company.

In December of 1936, he filed for (and subsequently received) permission to remodel the property and convert it from a single-family dwelling into twenty-one apartments.  As part of the remodeling, the entrance was moved to Commonwealth Avenue and the address changed to 239 Commonwealth.  The upper floors were remodeled, increasing the height and converting the fifth floor into two stories, making the building a six story building.  The remodeling was designed by architect Herman L. Feer.

On November 10, 1938, Morris Goldfine foreclosed on a mortgage from Louis Marden and sold 239 Commonwealth to Anna Weiner. On May 25, 1939, she transferred the property to real estate dealer Ray C. Johnson, who conveyed it on the same day to Falmouth Shores, Inc., of Newton (William T. Rich, Jr., president and treasurer).

In December of 1939, Falmouth Shores (shown as Falmouth Acres, Inc., on the application) applied for (and subsequently received) permission to add a bay at the sixth floor.

239 Commonwealth (2013)

The property changed hands and on May 4, 1944, 239 Commonwealth was acquired by Realty Owners, Inc. (Herman Louis Tritter, president and treasurer). On December 30, 1958, Realty Owners, Inc., transferred 239 Commonwealth to Herman Tritter and his wife, Rose G. (Greenblatt) Tritter, trustees of the Realty Owners Trust.

Herman Tritter died in September of 1961.

On April 1, 1963, Rose Tritter, as the surviving trustee of the Realty Owners Trust, transferred 47/80ths interest in 239 Commonwealth to herself and 33/80ths interest to herself and her brother-in-law, Dr. Abraham Eugene Kateman (husband of Jeannette (Greenblatt) Kateman), as trustees under Herman Tritter’s will.

On May 29, 1963, 239 Commonwealth was acquired from Rose Tritter and Herman Tritter’s estate by Alvin L. Lipsky and Benjamin Lipsky, partners doing business as Alben Realty.

On January 4, 1971, 239 Commonwealth was acquired from Alben Realty by Pierre Louis de Bourgknecht.

On July 8, 1985, 239 Commonwealth was purchased from Pierre de Bourgknecht by John R. Giles, trustee of the 239 Capitol Realty Trust. On the same day, he converted the property into twenty-one condominium units, the 239 Commonwealth Ave. Condominium.

In June of 1997, a unit owner filed for (and subsequently received) permission to combine units 42 and 43, reducing the number of units from twenty-one to twenty. And in February of 2000, another unit owner filed for (and subsequently received) permission to combine units 61 and 62, reducing the number of units from twenty to nineteen.

239 Commonwealth, sketch of entrance; "The American Architect and Building News," 11Jul1885

239 Commonwealth, sketch of entrance; The American Architect and Building News, 11Jul1885