76 Marlborough

76 Marlborough (2013)

76 Marlborough (2013)

Lot 19' x 112' (2,128 sf)

Lot 19′ x 112′ (2,128 sf)

76 Marlborough is located on the south side of Marlborough, between Berkeley and Clarendon, with 74 Marlborough to the east and 78 Marlborough to the west.

76 Marlborough was designed and built ca. 1866 by architect and builder Charles K. Kirby, for speculative sale, one of five contiguous houses (72-74-76-78-80 Marlborough) he built at the same time for speculative sale. The five houses form a symmetrical composition, with 72-74 Marlborough and 78-80 Marlborough each being a pair of symmetrical houses with bays, and 76 Marlborough with a flat façade in the center.

The land on which 72-80.Marlborough were built was part of a 220 foot parcel Henry Lee, Jr., and Jonathan Amory Davis purchased from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on November 14, 1863. J. Amory Davis died in May of 1865 and his interest was inherited by his daughter, Ann Wainwright Davis. On October 6, 1865, she transferred her interest in the eastern 160 feet to Henry Lee, and he transferred his interest in the western 60 feet to her. On October 14, 1865, Henry Lee, Jr., entered into an agreement with Charles Kirby to sell him the 160 foot lot, subject to Charles Kirby’s agreement to build nine houses on the land. Ultimately, Charles Kirby built five houses at 72-80 Marlborough on the eastern 89 feet 9 inches of the land, and on October 21, 1871, Henry Lee, Jr., sold Charles H. Joy the remaining 70 feet 3 inches to the west, where 82 and 86 Marlborough were built.

Click here for an index to the deeds for 76 Marlborough, and click here for further information about the land between the south side of Marlborough and Alley 423, from Berkeley to Clarendon.

After completing 72-80 Marlborough, Charles Kirby entered into an agreement ln March of 1868 with the City of Boston to purchase a 75 foot lot to the east on which he built three more houses: 70 Marlborough in 1868-1869 and 66-68 Marlborough in 1870.

On November 1, 1866, 76 Marlborough was purchased by Mary (Vinton) Clark, the wife of Randolph Marshall Clark, They previously had lived at 12 Pemberton Square.  They also maintained a home in Pomfret, Connecticut.

A former banker, he had served as an officer in the Massachusetts Cavalry during the Civil War and then became a manufacturer, serving as treasurer of the Boston Elastic Fabric Company.

They continued to live at 76 Marlborough until his death in September of 1873. Mary Clark moved to Pomfret, but continued to own the house and lease it to others (by the early 1880s, she had resumed spending the winter season in Boston, and lived at 336 Beacon during the 1881-1882 season).

By 1875, 76 Marlborough was the home of attorney and mining investor Horatio Ripley Bigelow and his wife, Anne Lenthal (Smith) Bigelow. They previously had lived at 10 Mt. Vernon. They also maintained a home in Hanover.  Four of their five surviving children lived with them: Adeline Bigelow, Albert Smith Bigelow, Joseph Smith Bigelow, and Anne Smith Bigelow.  Albert and Joseph Bigelow also were mining investors. Their son Horatio Ripley Bigelow, Jr., was a physician and probably lived Washington DC, where he was living at the time of the 1880 US Census.

Albert Bigelow married in November of 1875 to Mary DeFord and they moved to 10 Gloucester. Horatio and Anne Bigelow and their other children continued to live at 76 Marlborough in 1876, but had moved to 57 Marlborough by 1877.

By 1877, 76 Marlborough was the home of Malcolm Scollay Greenough and his wife, Lizzie (Tiffany) Greenough.  They previously had lived at the Hotel Pelham (southwest corner of Boylston and Tremont).

Malcolm Greenough was general assistant to the agent and treasurer of the Boston Gas Light Company, and later would become president of the Cleveland Gas Light and Coke Company.

By 1878, the Greenoughs had moved to 16 West Cedar and 76 Marlborough was shown as vacant in the 1878 Blue Book.

By the 1878-1879 winter season, it was the home of dry goods merchant Oscar Hallet Sampson and his wife, Ellen Constance (Sampson) Sampson. They previously had lived at 111 West Chester Park.

The Sampsons continued to live at 76 Marlborough in 1883, but had moved to 193 Marlborough by the 1883-1884 winter season.

By the 1883-1884 winter season, 76 Marlborough was the home of Dr. Robert Thaxter Edes and his wife, Anna C. (Richardson) Edes. They previously had lived at 71 Beacon.

Robert Edes was a surgeon and professor at Harvard Medical School.

They continued to live at 76 Marlborough until about 1886, when they moved to Washington DC.

76 Marlborough was not listed in the 1887 Blue Book.

By the 1887-1888 winter season, 76 Marlborough was the home of Miss Sarah Alice Brown and Miss Amelia Lucy Owen, who operated a college preparatory school for young ladies at the house. They both had graduated from Smith College in 1881. S. Alice Brown previously had lived at 4 Oxford Terrace with her mother, Eliza Ann (Alexander) Brown, the widow of Edwin R. Brown.  Amelia Owen probably had lived in Springfield with her parents, Dr. Varillas L. Owen, a physician, and Maria L. (Tallant) Owen.

From about 1888, they were joined at 76 Marlborough by S. Alice Brown’s mother.

In the fall of 1888, Miss Hannah A. Adam moved her school for boys to 76 Marlborough from 98 Chestnut. She lived in Jamaica Plain with her mother, Phoebe (Grant) Adam, the widow of William Adam. Hannah Adam operated her school at 76 Marlborough until about 1891.

S. Alice Brown, Eliza Ann (Alexander) Brown, and Amelia Owen continued to live at 76 Marlborough during the 1893-1894 winter season, but moved thereafter to 66 Marlborough.

In December of 1890, 76 Commonwealth had become the first location of the newly-formed College Club, which rented a portion of the house for its clubrooms. A December 28, 1890, Boston Globe article described the club’s quarters:

“The Boston Branch of the Collegiate Alumnae Association, which is doing such admirably brilliant and sensible work along so many lines, has felt for a long time the lack of a purely social side for this organization. Its members have decided, therefore, to establish a clubroom for this purpose, and in fact, the plan is already a thing accomplished. A very pleasant room has been rented at 76 Marlboro st., and for the past fortnight the girls have been busy furnishing it like so many birds building a nest, each bringing a portion of the necessary ‘straws.’ The result is a very cosy room, indeed, where members of the association may meet friends, leave parcels, rest for a time and in which they may generally make themselves at home. Every Monday afternoon there is a general gathering of the association members, and tea is served in cosy fasion while the members chat about their musical interests.”

The club remained at 76 Marlborough in 1893, but had moved to rooms at the Bellevue at 23 Beacon by the 1893-1894 winter season. It incorporated as the College Club in May of 1895, and by the 1897-1890 season had moved to rooms at the Grundmann Studios building (Clarendon near St. James). It remained there until 1905, when it purchased and moved to 40 Commonwealth.

76 Marlborough was not listed in the 1895 Blue Book.

On January 10, 1895, 76 Marlborough was purchased from Mary Clark by Gertrude (Flint) Townsend, the wife of Dr. Charles Wendell Townsend.  They previously had lived at 61 Chestnut.  Charles Townsend was a pediatrician and maintained his office at 76 Marlborough. He also was a noted ornithologist and authored numerous books and articles on the subject.

Dr. Joseph Payson Clark, a physician, lived with the Townsends and also maintained medical office there.  He previously had lived at 385 Marlborough with his mother, Mary E. (Mulliken) Clark, the widow of Dr. Joseph James Clark.  He continued to live and maintain his office at 76 Marlborough until about 1900, but by 1901 had moved both to an apartment at 409 Marlborough.  In 1906, he purchased and moved to 71 Marlborough.

In November of 1897, Charles Townsend purchased land on Argilla Road in Ipswich where he built a summer home which he later called Merula Farm.

In 1905, Gertrude Townsend’s sister, Sarah (Sarita) Gore Flint, was living with the Townsends.  She was an artist and also Assistant in Charge of the Textile Collection at the Museum of Fine Arts.  She continued to live with them in 1909, but had moved to 98 Pinckney by 1911.

Gertrude Townsend died in June of 1917.  Charles Townsend probably continued to live at 76 Marlborough until July of 1919, when he married Sarah Gore Flint.  After their marriage, they lived at her home at 98 Pinckney, and he maintained his offices at 205 Beacon.

On January 28, 1921, 76 Marlborough was purchased from Getrude Townsend’s heirs by attorney Lyon Weyburn and his wife, Ruth (Anthony) Weyburn. They previously had lived in an apartment at 405 Marlborough and, before that, at 285 Marlborough. They also maintained a home in Prides Crossing.

In January of 1920, they applied for (and subsequently received) permission to remodel the interior of the house.  The remodeling probably was undertaken soon after they purchased it and before they took up residence there.

In 1933, they were joined at 76 Marlborough by Richard Lyon Bowditch and his wife, Mabel Lowell (Rantoul) Bowditch.  They previously had lived at 8 West Hill Place.  Richard Bowditch was a mining engineer and later would become chairman of the board of C. H. Sprague & Son Company, coal and oil producers.  They also maintained a home in Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire.

The Weyburns made their primary home in Prides Crossing but continued to list themselves at 76 Marlborough, along with the Bowditches, in the 1933-1936 Blue Books.

76 Marlborough (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of The Gleason Partnership

76 Marlborough (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of The Gleason Partnership

The Bowditches continued to live at 76 Marlborough during the 1935-1936 winter season, but moved to Cambridge soon thereafter.

On April 30, 1936, 76 Marlborough was acquired from Lyon and Ruth Weyburn by Richard A. A. Martin and his wife, Priscilla S. (Ball) Martin. They previously had lived in Athol. He was president of the Air-flo Company, dealers in air conditioning systems. They moved by 1938 (possibly to Sarasota, Florida, where they were living at the time of the 1940 US Census) but continued to own 76 Marlborough and lease it to others.

In 1938, 76 Marlborough was the home of Harry Conner.  He previously had lived in New Jersey.

By 1939, 76 Marlborough was the home of Theodore Barnet Plimpton, founder and president of the New England Mica Company.  He previously had lived in Brookline.  His wife, Irene (Snow) Plimpton, was living separately in an apartment at 113 Commonwealth.  By 1940, he had moved to 2 West Hill Place.

By 1940, 76 Marlborough was the home of Doris (Petterson) Bradford, the widow of Dr.Walter A. Bradford, a dentist, and their four children: Robert, Richard, Deborah, and Susanne Bradford.  They had moved by 1941.

In 1941, 76 Marlborough was leased by Katharine Gibbs School. In September of 1941, the school applied for (and subsequently received) permission to convert the house from a single-family dwelling into a dormitory. Upon receiving the approval, it submitted a second application requesting that the use be modified to permit the former dining room and living room to be used for classrooms. The application was denied, the school appealed, and the Board of Appeal granted the use for a period of one year.

By 1943, 76 Marlborough was the home of Fay Ernest Slingerland and his wife, Lois Bertha (Evans) Slingerland.  They previously had lived in Washington DC.  He was a photographer.

Living with them were Chalmers Murray and his wife, Harriette Rebecca (Evans) Chalmers, who was Lois (Evans) Slingerland’s sister.  They previously had lived in Florida.  He was a photographer and also concert violinist.  The Murrays moved to 123 Commonwealth by 1944.

The Slingerlands purchased 76 Marlborough on October 9, 1944. They continued to live there in 1946, but moved soon thereafter back to Washington DC.

On October 27, 1947, 76 Marlborough was purchased by Joseph J. Diab. He and his wife, Dorothy H. (Bancroft) Diab, lived at Brimmer Chambers at 112 Pinckney, where he was the building superintendent. His brother, Thomas J. Diab, was a real estate dealer and developer.

On January 25, 1949, 76 Marlborough was purchased from Joseph Diab by William Byers and his wife, Iva Mae (Rowe) Byers, who operated it as a lodging house, although its official use remained as a dormitory. They continued to live there until about 1951, when they moved to Gloucester.

On January 17, 1950, 76 Marlborough was acquired from the Byerses by Flora L. (Enright) O’Keefe, the widow of Philip T. O’Keefe. She lived at 72 Marlborough.

On March 28, 1950, 76 Marlborough was acquired from Flora O’Keefe by Mrs. Edna Mae (Reynolds) Candage Lovejoy Walsh Grant, who operated it as a lodging house. She was the former wife of Henry (Harry) Wells Candage, the widow of Everett John Lovejoy and Dr. William Martin Walsh, and the former wife of Wallace Edwin Grant.

Edna Grant lived at 470 Beacon, where she also operated a lodging house. She also several owned other Back Bay properties. In about 1951, she moved to an apartment at 220 Commonwealth. On October 1, 1951, she was arrested and charged with arranging for illegal abortions, working with three physicians who also were arrested.

On November 15, 1951, Edna Grant transferred 76 Marlborough and her other properties to a trust she established for her benefit with Anna Louise (Day) Hicks as trustee.

Louise Day Hicks was a real estate investor and operator of lodging houses. She and her husband, John Edward Hicks, an engineer, lived in South Boston. She later would become a well-known Boston politician. She was elected to the Boston School Committee in 1961 and was an outspoken opponent of using busing to integrate Boston’s schools. In 1967, she was an unsuccessful candidate for Mayor, but in 1969 was elected to the City Council. In 1970, she was elected to the US Congress, but was defeated for re-election in 1972. She was reelected to the City Council in 1973 and 1975, but then lost two successive bids in 1977 and 1981.

On June 15, 1953, 76 Marlborough was purchased from Anna Louise (Day) Hicks by Frank E. Wentworth, a salesman, and his wife, Kathleen (Phippard) Wentworth. They previously had lived in Newburyport. They continued to operate it as a lodging house.

On June 30, 1966, 76 Marlborough was purchased from the Wentworths by Louis Grolnic. On July 14, 1966, he transferred a half-interest in the property to Milton B. Popkin. Milton Popkin and Louis Grolnic also owned 74 Marlborough.

Although 76 Marlborough had been operated as a lodging house for many years, its last approved use was as a dormitory, and after acquiring the building, Milton Popkin and Louis Grolnic proposed to operate it as such. The neighbors objected, indicating that the use was not permitted since the house had not been used as a dormitory for many years; the Building Department, however, affirmed that the official occupancy as a dormitory had not expired due to non-use. It appears, however, that the property subsequently was used as a lodging house and not as a dormitory.

On December 28, 1972, 74 Marlborough and 76 Marlborough were acquired from Milton Popkin and Louis Grolnic by Robert L. Rusconi and Aldo Garda, trustees of the Garus Realty Trust. They continued to operate both properties as lodging houses.

On February 10, 1983, the Four Twelve Realty Corporation (Arthur E. Simons, president; Ronald S. Luccio, treasurer) purchased 74 and 76 Marlborough from the Rusgar Nominee Trust, successors to the Garus Realty Trust.

In March of 1983, Four Twelve Realty Corporation applied for (and subsequently received) permission to combine 74 and 76 Marlborough into one property, build a one-story, three-car garage at the rear, and convert the combined property into eleven apartments.

On August 12, 1983, it converted the property into eleven condominium units, the 74-76 Marlborough Street Condominium.

72-80 Marlborough (2013)

72-80 Marlborough (2013)