McKim, Mead, and White

McKim, Mead, and White was formed June 21, 1880, by Charles Follen McKim, William Rutherford Mead, and Stanford White.  It was one of New York’s leading firms, and also had a prominent practice in Boston led by Charles McKim.

The firm’s work in Boston was led by McKim until his death in 1909.  Its most significant work was the Italian Renaissance-style Boston Public Library, commissioned in 1887 and completed in 1895.  Other major designs included the Algonquin Club (1887), Johnston Gate at Harvard (1889), the Shaw Memorial opposite the State House (1897), Harvard Union (1900), Symphony Hall (1900), the New England Trust Company Building (1905), and Harvard Stadium (1903-1910), the Phillips Brooks Memorial in Copley Square (1910), and Harvard Business School (1924) in Brighton.  The firm also undertook a number of residential commissions in Boston, including several houses in the Back Bay and bachelor flats at 66 Beacon Street, at the corner of Charles and Beacon.

The firm’s work in New York — much of it designed by White — included the Villard Houses on Madison (between 50th and 51st), Pennsylvania Station, Madison Square Garden (where White maintained an apartment and was murdered by Harry Thaw), Madison Square Presbyterian Church, and the Library and other buildings at Columbia University. They also designed a number of private clubs in New York, including the University Club, the Century Club, the Players Club, and the Metropolitan Club.  The firm also designed the Newport Casino and Rhode Island State Capitol in Providence, and oversaw restoration of the White House in 1902-1903.  And the firm designed a number of homes in New York, Newport, and the Berkshires.

For further information, see:

A Monograph of the Works of McKim, Mead & White: 1879-1915 (The Architectural Book Publishing Company, Paul Wenzel & Maurice Krakow, New York, 1915-20).  Originally published in four volumes. Reprinted and supplemented with introductory material by the Arno Press, New York; 1977.  Reprinted and supplemented with introductory material by Dover Publications, Inc., New York; 1990.

McKim, Mead & White, Architects, by Leland M. Roth (Harper & Rowe, New York; 1983).

The Houses of McKim, Mead & White. by Samuel G. White, photographs by Jonathan Wallen (Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., New York; 1998).

Back Bay Work

1881 270 Beacon (Demolished)
1884 32 Hereford
1886 257 Commonwealth
1887 217 Commonwealth
1890 199 Commonwealth
1890 413 Commonwealth
1890 415 Commonwealth
1895 303 Commonwealth