413 Commonwealth

413-415 Commonwealth (2014)

Irregular Lot: 28' on Commonwealth and 28.08' on Marlborough (3,801.5 sf)

Irregular Lot: 28′ on Commonwealth and 28.08′ on Marlborough (3,801.5 sf)

413 Commonwealth is located on the north side of Commonwealth, between Massachusetts Avenue and Charlesgate East, with 411 Commonwealth to the east and 415 Commonwealth to the west.

413 Commonwealth was designed by architects McKim, Mead, and White and built in 1890-1891 by Benjamin D. Whitcomb & Co., builders, one of a symmetrical pair of houses (413-415 Commonwealth) built for law partners Francis Inman Amory and Richard Olney.

The rear of the lot on which 413 Commonwealth was built extends north to Marlborough Street and has a secondary street address of 462 Marlborough.

413 Commonwealth became the home of Francis Inman Amory and his wife, Grace Josephine (Minot) Amory. They previously had lived at 168 Beacon. He is shown as the owner of 413 Commonwealth on the original building permit application, dated November 12, 1899. Grace Amory is shown as the owner on the 1895, 1898, and 1908 Bromley maps. They also maintained a home in Beverly.

During the 1904-1905 winter season the Amorys were traveling in Europe and 413 Commonwealth was the home of Frederick Lothrop Ames, Jr., and his wife, Edith Callender (Cryder) Ames. They had been married in May of 1904, and 413 Commonwealth may have been their first home together.

413-415 Commonwealth (ca. 1890); from A Monograph of the Works of McKim, Mead & White: 1879-1915 (The Architectural Book Publishing Company, New York); Plate 96

413-415 Commonwealth (ca. 1890); from A Monograph of the Works of McKim, Mead & White: 1879-1915 (The Architectural Book Publishing Company, New York); Plate 96

Frederick Ames, Jr., was a trustee of the Ames Estate (originally pick and shovel manufacturers, the Ames family was instrumental in the development of the Union Pacific Railroad and other railroads, and had a wide range of investments). He also developed his home in North Easton as a farm where he bred Guernsey cattle and horses. Edith Cryder was described in an October 15, 1905, Boston Globe article as “one of the famous ‘Cryder triplets’ who were much talked of in society because of their beauty and accomplishments.”

By the 1905-1906 season, Frederick and Edith Ames had moved to his family home at 306 Dartmouth, where he had lived before their marriage, and Francis and Grace Amory had resumed living at 413 Commonwealth.

Grace Amory died in April of 1911. Francis Amory continued to live at 413 Commonwealth with their children, Mary Josephine Amory, Charles Minot Amory, and Francis Inman Amory, Jr. The Heirs of Grace Amory are shown as the owners of 413 Commonwealth on the 1912 and 1917 Bromley maps.

Mary Amory married in June of 1914 to Fulton Cutting, a radio engineer and manufacturer, and moved to Tuxedo Park, New York. Charles Amory, an investment banker, married in July of 1913 to Gladys Mildred Munn. After their marriage, they lived at 413 Commonwealth with his father until about 1918, when they moved to Beverly. Francis Amory, Jr., married in January of 1921 to Margaret Mae Perin. After their marriage, they lived at 73 Beacon.

Francis Amory died in January of 1921, on the same day as his son’s marriage. 413 Commonwealth remained in the Amory family, with the Heirs of Grace Amory continuing to be shown as the owners on the 1928 and 1938 Bromley maps.

413 Commonwealth was not listed in the 1922 Blue Book.

During the 1922-1923 winter season, 413 Commonwealth was the home of Mr. and Mrs. George A. Brown.

By the 1923-1924 winter season, 413 Commonwealth was once again the home of Edith (Cryder) Ames, whose husband, Frederick Lothrop Ames, had died in June of 1921. They had continued to live at 306 Dartmouth and in North Easton until his death. She continued to maintain her home in North Easton and also a home in Newport.

Frederick and Edith Ames’s two children, Frederick Lothrop Ames, III, and Mary Callender Ames, lived with her.

Frederick Ames, III, was a student at Harvard and an avid yachtsman and aviator. In 1926, he and a small crew had sailed his 44-foot schooner across the Atlantic to race in the Cowes regatta in England, sailing it back in 1927. He bought his first airplane in 1925 and, according to a January 27, 1928, Boston Globe article, was “New England’s first ‘sporting airplane pilot,’” building a landing field for himself at the Ames family’s North Easton home.

In December of 1927, he set off on a flying tour of the western United States and Mexico. In January of 1928, he met and married Miss Maurice Willard, known as “Mlle. Maurice Mozette,” a singer at the Club Royale in Nogales, Arizona. Originally from Freeborn, Minnesota, she had been an opera singer in Europe, where she also learned to drive race cars, an avocation she continued when she returned to the United States. They returned to Boston and North Easton, and were living at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel during the 1928-1929 winter season. On November 6, 1932, Frederick Ames, III, was killed when the airplane he was piloting crashed at Tower Hill in Randolph. Maurice Ames was not on board. She later married again, to composer Ernest (“Bunny”) Charles (born Ernest Charles Grosskopf) and lived in Beverly Hills.

413-415 Commonwealth (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of the Boston Athenaeum

413-415 Commonwealth (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of the Boston Athenaeum

Edith Ames and Mary Ames continued to live at 413 Commonwealth during the 1927-1928 season, but moved thereafter to Newport and spent the next winter season in New York City, where Mary Ames married in January of 1930 to Howard Gardiner Cushing and Edith Ames re-married in May of 1931 to Roger Wilson Cutler.

By the 1928-1929 winter season, 413 Commonwealth was the home of Francis Inman Amory, Jr., and Margaret Mae (Perin) Amory. He was a stockbroker. They also maintained a home in Beverly Farms, which previously had been their year-round residence.

The Amorys continued to live at 413 Commonwealth in 1938, but by 1939 had moved to the Maryland Apartments at 512 Beacon.

In the fall of 1940, the Garland School of Homemaking (later to become Garland Junior College) acquired 413 Commonwealth. The transaction was reported in the Boston Globe on September 15, 1940. Garland School also owned 409 Commonwealth and 337-343 Commonwealth.

In September of 1940, it filed for (and subsequently received) permission to convert 413 Commonwealth from a single-family dwelling into a school building.

In 1942, Garland School acquired 415 Commonwealth and in 1944 it acquired 411 Commonwealth.

In June of 1949, it filed for (and subsequently received) permission to combine 413 and 415 Commonwealth into one property, including removing portions of the party wall between the two buildings.

By the late 1960s, Garland Junior College had assembled a portfolio of 22 properties in the western portion of the Back Bay: 315, 319, 321, 329, 337, 339, 341, 343, 349, 377, 407, 409, 411, 413-415 Commonwealth, 24 Charlesgate East (419 Commonwealth), and 447, 449, and 451 Marlborough (composed of 451-457 Marlborough).

In April of 1976, Garland Junior College announced that, because of financial difficulties, it was merging with Simmons College. It subsequently sold twelve of its properties and in October of 1977, it transferred the remainder — those located furthest west (407-415 Commonwealth, 24 Charlesgate East (419 Commonwealth), and 451 Marlborough) — to Simmons College.

Simmons College utilized the former Garland Junior College buildings for its Graduate School of Management.

In the early 2000s, Simmons College embarked on a longterm plan to expand its Fenway campus and sell its properties in the Back Bay. In 2002, it moved its School of Social Service from 49-51 Commonwealth, which it sold, and in 2005 it began designing a new School of Management building at the Fenway campus to centralize the programs housed in its buildings in the western portion of the Back Bay.

In June of 2005, Simmons College sold those buildings — 451 Marlborough, 407-415 Commonwealth, and 24 Charlesgate East (419 Commonwealth) — to Terra Green II LLC (formed by Terra Mark Development of New York and local partners). The proceeds from the sale were used to finance construction of a new school of management building. Simmons College continued to occupy several of the Back Bay buildings until the new building was completed.

In September of 2005, Terra Green II LLC filed for permission to combine 413-415 Commonwealth and 419 Commonwealth into one building and convert it into fourteen apartments with an interior garage. It subsequently abandoned the permit.

In November of 2005, Terra Green II LLC filed for (and subsequently received) permission to convert 413-415 Commonwealth into nine apartments and an interior garage. At the same time, it also filed for (and subsequently received) permission to convert 24 Charlesgate East (419 Commonwealth) into four apartments and an interior garage. The two buildings — 413-415 Commonwealth and 24 Charlesgate East (419 Commonwealth) — remained separate buildings, with the latter having the street address of 419 Commonwealth.

In April of 2007, Terra Green II LLC converted 413-415 Commonwealth and 419 Commonwealth into thirteen condominium units — nine at 413-415 Commonwealth and four at 419 Commonwealth — The Meads of Commonwealth Condominium.

In the condominium master deed, it specified that the conversion was Phase I of The Meads, and that Phase II would be to convert 407-409-411 Commonwealth. Instead, in November of 2010, it sold those properties, along with 451 Marlborough, to HD 407-411 LLC, formed by the Holland Development Company, which remodeled and converted them into condominium units.

North side of Commonwealth, looking east from Charlesgate East; detail from photograph taken March 24, 1923, by Leslie Jones, courtesy of the Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection

North side of Commonwealth, looking east from Charlesgate East; detail from photograph taken March 24, 1923, by Leslie Jones, courtesy of the Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection