184-186-188 Commonwealth

184-188 Commonwealth (2017)

Lot 78' x 124.5' (9,711 sf)

Lot 78′ x 124.5′ (9,711 sf)

184-186-188 Commonwealth are located on the south side of Commonwealth, between Dartmouth and Exeter, with 180 Commonwealth to the east and 190 Commonwealth to the west.

184-186-188 Commonwealth were designed by Henry S. McKay (MacKay) and Frank Warren Smith (McKay and Smith), architects, in 1889-1890.

184 Commonwealth was built first, in 1889 as a six-unit apartment building, by Benjamin F. Denning, mason and builder. The original owner was Frank Warren Smith’s mother, Jane Ludlow (Ross) Smith Palmer. She is shown as the owner on the original building permit application, dated May 16, 1889.

Jane Palmer purchased the land for 184 Commonwealth on April 16, 1889, from Moses W. Richardson, who had purchased it from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on June 11, 1874.

Click here for an index to the deeds for 184-186-188 Commonwealth, and click here for further information about the land between the south side of Commonwealth and Alley 434, from Dartmouth to Exeter.

Jane Palmer was the widow of Holland Smith, a merchant, who had died in June of 1863, and of Dr. Frederic N. Palmer, a physician.  Dr. Palmer had died in May of 1886, having jumped from the steamer John Brooks, bound for Portland, Maine, with Jane Palmer’s four year old grandson, Wendell Smith.  Jane Palmer and Frank Warren Smith lived at 226 West Chester Park.  They moved to 184 Commonwealth after it was completed.  They continued to live there during the 1891-1892 winter season, but moved thereafter to Brookline.

Floor plan of 186-188 Commonwealth (probably second floor), bound with the final building inspection report , 23Oct1891 (v. 42, p. 41); courtesy of the Boston Public Library Arts Department

Floor plan of 186-188 Commonwealth (probably second floor), bound with the final building inspection report , 23Oct1891 (v. 42, p. 41); courtesy of the Boston Public Library Arts Department

186-188 Commonwealth, a matching double-wide building with fifteen units, was built in 1890-1891, by Coon & Hall, masons and builders. The original permit application was filed on May 13, 1890, and proposed a ten family structure at 186 Commonwealth, with Henry McKay and Frank Smith as the owners. That application was abandoned and a new one proposing a fifteen family structure at 186-188 Commonwealth was submitted on June 20, 1890, by Henry McKay, Frank Smith, and Albert Ivins Croll, a yarn merchant. They are shown as the owners on the final building inspection report, dated October 23, 1891.

Although built and operated as one building, 186 Commonwealth and 188 Commonwealth were built for separate owners.

186 Commonwealth was built on land purchased from the Commonwealth on January 19, 1886, by Ellen A. (Larrabee) Johnson, the wife of Henry M. Johnson. It subsequently changed hands and was purchased by Jane Palmer on December 18, 1889. She then sold it to the architects, Henry S. McKay and Frank W. Smith (her son) on May 22, 1890.

188 Commonwealth was built on land purchased from the Commonwealth on March 5. 1875, by George Walker Weld. It subsequently changed hands and purchased by Albert Ivins Croll on June 18, 1890.

The deeds for 186 Commonwealth and 188 Commonwealth included provisions limiting the the size and location of structures built in the rear yards in order to preserve the light and air for the abutting buildings.

On December 24, 1890, Frank W. Smith acquired Henry S. McKay’s interest in 186 Commonwealth. Albert Ivins Croll continued to own 188 Commonwealth.

On May 7, 1891, Frank W. Smith and Alvin Ivins Croll entered into a ten year lease (commencing September 1, 1891) with Joseph Lee to operate the two properties as The Abbotsford, an apartment hotel, including “conducting a general catering business providing meals for the tenants of the buildings [and] transient guests, for preparing dinners, teas, lunches, and suppers on the premises to be served elsewhere or entertaining parties on the premises.”

184 Commonwealth remained a separate building, not part of The Abbotsford, owned by Jane Palmer. She entered into a separate ten year lease (commencing September 1, 1891) with Joseph Lee to operate the dining room at 184 Commonwealth.

The agreement was quite specific in its requirements and limitations, providing for the lease of a “suite of rooms numbered ‘one’ in the Apartment House numbered 184 Commonwealth Avenue Boston Massachusetts for the sole purpose of serving therein dinners, teas, luncheons, and suppers to the tenants of the building and to other guests transient and permanent, and for the holding therein of receptions and parties without dancing. And said lessee convenants that he will set only a first class table in said rooms, at prices that will secure none but first class patronage, that he will employ therein none but first class servants, that he will at all times keep perfect order therein and will allow no person of improper character to dine therein, that he will not allow noisy club dinners to be served in said suite and will at all times govern his servants and guests so that perfect order shall be maintained, and that perfect comfort may be had by the regular tenants of the house, that he and his servants and guests except the regular tenants of the other suites in said house, shall enter said suite only through ‘The Abbotsford,’ but that the regular tenants of the other suites in the said house number 184 and their guests shall have access at all times to said suite number 1 for the purpose of obtaining meals therein, through the hallway of said house number 184. And the lessee further covenants that he will at all times during the term hereof keep the lower half of the three windows of said suite which overlook Commonwealth Avenue curtained with suitable materials approved by the said lessor…”.

The lease at 184 Commonwealth was cancelled after one year.

On September 18, 1891, Frank Smith transferred 186 Commonwealth to Jane Palmer (his mother).

On July 27, 1892, William F. Forsyth, a broker, purchased 188 Commonwealth from Albert Ivins Croll, and on August 17, 1892, he purchased 186 Commonwealth from Jane L. Palmer. On the same day, he conveyed both properties to William H. Hill, Arnold A. Rand, and N. W. Jordan, as trustees of the The Abbotsford Hotel Trust. On March 1, 1893, they transferred the land to themselves as trustees of the Commonwealth Real Estate Trust.

On February 1, 1893, William Forsyth acquired 184 Commonwealth from Jane Palmer. Thereafter, the property was operated as part of The Abbotsford.

On October 26, 1894, Jane Palmer foreclosed on the mortgage given by William Forsyth and took back possession of 184 Commonwealth. On May 19, 1896, it was acquired by real estate dealer Ernest G. A. Isenbeck, who conveyed it on the same day to Francis William Lawrence, president of the Brookline National Bank and the Globe Gas-Light Company of Boston.

It appears that, during the 1890s, Joseph Lee continued to operate The Abbotsford under his original lease.

On June 28, 1901, Joseph Story Fay, Jr, purchased 184 Commonwealth from Francis W. Lawrence, and on July 1, 1901, he purchased 186-188 Commonwealth from the Commonwealth Real Estate Trust. Thereafter, all three buildings remained under the same ownership.

Joseph S. Fay, Jr., was president of the Champion Iron Company and treasurer of the Lake Superior Iron Company, He and his wife, Rebecca Rodman (Motley) Fay, lived at 169 Commonwealth. He died in February of 1912, and 184-186-188 Commonwealth continued to be owned by his estate.

On December 18, 1919, a portion of 188 Commonwealth was destroyed by fire.  At that time, 184-186-188 Commonwealth had a total of 35 apartments.  The repairs to the building were designed by architects Appleton and Stearns, successors to Peabody and Stearns.

In October of 1925, the Fay estate purchased 190 Commonwealth, a single-family dwelling. Thereafter, it remained under the same ownership as 184-186-188 Commonwealth.

In December of 1929, the Fay estate applied for (and subsequently received) permission to cut connecting doors between 188 and 190 Commonwealth.  Although it had been joined with 188 Commonwealth, 190 Commonwealth appears to have remained a single-family dwelling during most of the 1930s.

On October 2, 1939, 184-186-188-190 Commonwealth were acquired from the Fay estate by Webster Properties, Inc. of which Abraham M. Sonnabend was president.

By 1940, A. M. Sonnabend Properties applied for (and subsequently received) permission to change the zoning status of the property from an apartment hotel to an apartment house, and also to increase the number of units in 184-186-188 Commonwealth from 35 to 44.

The property subsequently changed hands and on June 20, 1952, was purchased by Murray R. Fine, trustee of the Abbotsford Realty Trust. In March of 1954, he filed an affidavit with the Building Department verifying that the occupancy of 190 Commonwealth was ten units when he purchased the property, and had been leased as such ever since.

The property changed hands and on May 1, 1979, was purchased by Kevin O’Reilly and Stephen V. Miller, trustees of the 174-178 Commonwealth Renewal Trust, who transferred the property to themselves as trustees of 184-190 Commonwealth Renewal Trust.

On October 4, 1979, they converted the property into fifty condominium units (41 in 184-186-188 Commonwealth and nine in 190 Commonwealth), The 184-190 Commonwealth Condominium.

184 Commonwealth (ca. 1889); courtesy of the Print Department, Boston Public Library

184 Commonwealth (ca. 1889); courtesy of the Print Department, Boston Public Library