169 Commonwealth

169 Commonwealth (2015)

Lot 28' x 124.5' (3.486 sf)

Lot 28′ x 124.5′ (3.486 sf)

169 Commonwealth is located on the north side of Commonwealth, between Dartmouth and Exeter, with 167 Commonwealth to the east and 171 Commonwealth to the west.

169 Commonwealth was designed by Peabody and Stearns, architects, and built in 1879-1880 by Vinal & Dodge, masons, and Norton and Chedley, carpenters.  It was built as the home of Joseph Story Fay, Jr., and his wife, Rebecca Rodman (Motley) Fay.  He is shown as the owner on the original building permit application, dated October 23, 1879.

Joseph Fay was president of the Champion Iron Company and treasurer of the Lake Superior Iron Company. He also was a noted yachtsman.

He acquired the land for 169 Commonwealth on November 21, 1878, from Charles L. Andrews. Charles Andrews had acquired the land on May 20, 1873, from John C. Ropes, who had purchased it on the same day from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Click here for an index to the deeds for 169 Commonwealth, and click here for further information about the land between the north side of Commonwealth and Alley 425, from Dartmouth to Exeter.

By the 1881-1882 winter season, Joseph and Rebecca (Motley) Fay had made 169 Commonwealth their home. They previously had lived at 88 Mt. Vernon with his parents, Joseph and Sarah Smith (Bryant) Fay, and probably before that, during the 1879-1880 winter season, at 251 Beacon.

The Fays raised their four surviving sons at 169 Commonwealth: Joseph Story Fay, III, Alan Motley Fay, Samuel Prescott Fay, and William Rodman Fay.

The Fays continued to live at 169 Commonwealth during the 1892-1893 winter. They also maintained a home, Edgewood, in Woods Hole.

306 Dartmouth and 161-171 Commonwealth, detail of photograph taken from the Hotel Vendôme (ca. 1885); courtesy of the Print Department, Boston Public Library

306 Dartmouth and 161-173 Commonwealth, detail from photograph taken ca. 1885; courtesy of the Print Department, Boston Public Library

Joseph Fay retired from business in May of 1893, and during the next two seasons, he and his wife and sons were living elsewhere.

During the 1893-1894 winter season, 169 Commonwealth was the home of William Henry Howard and his wife, Anna Dwight (Whiting) Howard. William Howard was a land owner and cattle rancher in California, and their usual home was in San Mateo, California. Anna Howard had come East for the marriage in September of 1893 of her niece, Ethel Whiting (daughter of Arthur Nathaniel Whiting), to Herbert Foster Otis. The Otises lived at 36 Fairfield after their marriage. William Howard had joined his wife at 169 Commonwealth by November of 1893, when their daughter, Gertrude, married Frederick Silsbee Whitwell, a lawyer and real estate investor. The Whitwells lived at 166 Marlborough after their marriage. The Howards returned to California, but by the 1899-1890 winter season, Anna Howard had returned to Boston and was living at 209 Beacon.

During the 1894-1895 winter season, 169 Commonwealth was the home of Miss Adele Granger Thayer. She previously had lived at 90 Marlborough with her step-father and mother, Robert Charles Winthrop and Cornelia Adelaide (Granger) Thayer Winthrop. Her mother had died in June of 1892 and Adele Thayer subsequently had traveled abroad. In January of 1895 she purchased 181 Commonwealth to be her Boston home.

The Fays resumed living at 169 Commonwealth during the 1895-1896 winter season, but moved to The Empire at 333 Commonwealth for the next two seasons.

Photograph of statue of William Lloyd Garrison with 169-179 Commonwealth in background, ca. 1904; courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Detroit Publishing Company Collection

During the 1896-1897 winter season, 169 Commonwealth was the home of dry goods merchant Francis Wright Fabyan and his wife, Edith (Westcott) Fabyan.  They had lived at 148 Commonwealth during the previous season, and by the 1897-1898 season had moved to 1 Charlesgate East.

During the 1897-1898 winter season, 169 Commonwealth, 169 Commonwealth was the home of stockbroker William Bowditch Rogers and his wife Augusta (Kellogg) Bowditch. They had married in July of 1896 after which they had traveled abroad for about six months. They subsequently lived in Cambridge while he briefly attended Harvard Law School, after which he became a stockbroker. Their eldest son, William, Jr., was born in May of 1898 at 169 Commonwealth.

By the 1898-1899 season, the Rogerses had moved to 151 Commonwealth, and 169 Commonwealth was once again the home of Joseph and Rebecca Fay. In June of 1898, while they were living at The Empire, their eldest son, Joseph, married Margaret Hayes Welch of 2 Brimmer. After their marriage, they lived in Dedham. He was a stockbroker. The Fays’ younger sons – Alan, Samuel, and William – continued to live with the Fays at 169 Commonwealth.

In mid-1901, Joseph Fay acquired 184-186-188 Commonwealth, The Abbotsford apartments, across the street.

Rebecca Fay died in June of 1905. Joseph Fay continued to live at 169 Commonwealth with their three unmarried sons.

In January of 1907, Joseph Fay bet several of his fellow Somerset Club members that he could tie up the famous magician, Houdini, so securely that the could not escape.  Houdini was in Boston and agreed to submit himself to the test. On January 25, 1907, he came to 169 Commonwealth, was tied up with fishline and sash cord by Joseph Story, and successfully freed himself in one hour and thirteen minutes. The January 26, 1907, Boston Globe described the evening in detail, including noting that “between $8000 and $10,000 changed hands” among those in attendance.

In May of 1907, Joseph Fay married again,, to Mabel Grace (Ely) Koenig, the widow of Fidèle Koenig, a composer and noted opera vocal coach in Paris.  Their son, Fidèle Koenig, Jr., lived with the Fays, and in July of 1908, a daughter, Joanna (Joan) Lillie Fay, was born to Joseph and Grace Fay.

Alan Motley Fay, a stockbroker, died in April of 1909.  Samuel Prescott Fay, also a stockbroker, moved in about 1910 to Brimmer Chambers at 112 Pinckney. William Rodman Fay graduated from Harvard Law School in 1910 and also moved to Brimmer Chambers.

Joseph Fay died in February of 1912.

169 Commonwealth ca. 1904; detail from photograph with William Lloyd Garrison; courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Detroit Publishing Company Collection

Grace Fay continued to live at 169 Commonwealth and to maintain their home, Edgewood, in Woods Hole.  Fidèle Koenig and Joane Fay lived with her.

Fidele Koenig married in September of 1921 to Mary Elizabeth Hodges and they lived with his mother at 169 Commonwealth until about 1924, when they separated and he traveled abroad.

Joan Fay married in February of 1928 to Clarence Edward Shankle, a military flying instructor. By 1930, they were living at the Maryland Apartments at 512 Beacon, and moved soon thereafter to Arizona. Joan (Fay) Shankle was the first woman to receive a pilot’s license in Massachusetts.  In October of 1929, she completed a solo transcontinental flight.

Grace Fay continued to own 169 Commonwealth; however, the house was indicated as “closed for the winter” in the 1924-1928 Blue Books, and she lived at the Hotel Vendome.

On January 10, 1928, 169 Commonwealth was purchased from Joseph Fay’s estate by banker and broker Isaac Tucker Burr, Jr., and his wife Alice McClure (Peters) Burr. They previously had lived at the Hotel Agassiz at 191 Commonwealth. They also maintained a home in Milton.

The Burrs had 169 Commonwealth house rebuilt, including replacing the front and rear façades. Parker, Thomas, and Rice, architects, designed the remodeled house; J. Harleston Parker had similarly rebuilt 173 Commonwealth in 1917 as his own home.  I. Tucker Burr is shown as the owner on the building permit application for the remodeling of 169 Commonwealth, dated January 31, 1928.

The Burrs continued to live at 169 Commonwealth until about 1942, when they moved back to the Hotel Agassiz.

On September 1, 1942, 169 Commonwealth was purchased from the Burrs by Robert Winston Taylor of Baltimore. In October of 1942, he filed for permission to convert the property from a single-family dwelling into a lodging house. He subsequently abandoned the application, but refiled in August of 1943, and was granted permission to convert the house.

169 Commonwealth (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of The Gleason Partnership

169 Commonwealth (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of The Gleason Partnership

By 1943, 169 Commonwealth had become the home of Robert Winston Taylor’s mother, Susan Jane (Northridge) Taylor Jones, the widow of Thomas Brierley Taylor and the former wife of David R. Jones. She operated 169 Commonwealth as a lodging house. Her older son, William Randolph Taylor, lived with her. He was a real estate and furniture dealer. They previously had lived at 59 Commonwealth, where she also had operated a lodging house.

William Taylor married in 1943 to Ruth Ranghild Weckstrom. After he served in the US Navy during World War II, they lived at 122 Bowdoin.

Robert Winston Taylor and his wife, Edna Beatrice (Walls) Taylor, moved from Baltimore in about 1945 and lived at 169 Commonwealth with his mother. On June 15, 1946, he transferred the property into his mother’s name. In about 1950, Robert and Edna Taylor moved to an apartment at 7 Hereford.

By the early 1950s, Susan Taylor Jones had ceased using the name Jones and was known as Susan J. Taylor.  She continued to live at 169 Commonwealth, and operate the lodging house, until about 1954.

On January 8, 1954, 169 Commonwealth was acquired from Susan J. Taylor by Dr. William Joseph Macdonald and his wife, Elizabeth (Russell) Macdonald. In October of 1954, he filed for (and subsequently received) permission to convert the property from a lodging house into eight apartments.

The Macdonalds lived in one of the apartments. They previously had lived in Newton. He was a physician and maintained his offices at 270 Commonwealth and later at 358 Commonwealth. He retired in the mid-1960s.

William Macdonald died in December of 1970.

On October 27, 1972, 169 Commonwealth was purchased from Elizabeth Macdonald by Neil St. John Raymond and Stuart W. Pratt. On September 18, 1973, they converted the property into five condominium units, the 169 Commonwealth Avenue Condominium.

On September 21, 1979, the Condominium Master Deed was amended to increase the number of units from five to six, reflecting the subdivision of one of the units.

169-173 Commonwealth (2013)

169-173 Commonwealth (2013)