34 Fairfield was built in 1878-1879 for banker and real estate investor Asa Perkins Potter, one of eight houses, four on each side of the block: 32-34-36-38 Fairfield on the east and 31-33-35-37 Fairfield on the west. He and his wife, Delle (Sheldon) Potter, lived at 29 Fairfield, built at about the same time.
Each block of four houses was designed as a symmetrical group, centered on the paired entrances to the middle houses (34-36 Fairfield and 33-35 Fairfield). It appears likely that the eight houses originally matched in design, all with bays topped with conical roofs. 31-33-35-37 Fairfield remained unchanged as of 2015, but 32-34-36-38 Fairfield were significantly altered. Additional floors were added very early to 36 and 38 Fairfield, inasmuch as they appear as three story houses on the 1887 Sanborn map, whereas 32 and 34 Fairfield (and 31-33-35-37 Fairfield) are described as 2 story houses with French roofs. They are similarly described on the 1897 Sanborn map. Based on similar information on the Bromley maps, the additional story at 32 Fairfield was added between about 1908 and 1912. The additional story at 34 Fairfield was added sometime after the early 1940s, with a remnant of the original roof retained.
The original permit applications for 32-34-36-38 Fairfield have not been located. The permit application for 31-33 Fairfield (one application for two houses) does not indicate the architect, but the application for 35-37 Fairfield (also one application for two houses) names the architects as Ober and Rand. Bainbridge Bunting’s Houses of Boston’s Back Bay attributes all eight houses to Ober and Rand, which appears likely given the similarity of design.
On May 31, 1876, Asa Potter purchased the land for 31-33-35-37 Fairfield from wholesale dry goods merchant George H. Braman. The purchase also included the land where 246 Commonwealth would be built. On the same day, Delle S. Potter purchased the land for 29 Fairfield from George Braman. On October 21, 1878, Asa Potter entered into an agreement with National Bank of Commerce of Boston to purchase the land for 32-34-36-38 Fairfield. He completed the purchase on June 21, 1879, after the houses had been built. All of the land was part of a parcel previously owned by Nathan Matthews, part of an even larger tract which was purchased by Nathan Matthews on January 2, 1871, from David Sears, Jr., Frederick R. Sears, and Knyvet Sears.
Click here for an index to the deeds for 34 Fairfield.
Having purchased the land (or secured the right to purchase it), Asa Potter worked with builder Silas Whiton Merrill and his son, Luther Moore Merrill, to construct the houses. Silas W. Merrill is shown as builder on the permit applications for 31-33-35-37 Fairfield, with mason John F. Richardson for 31-33 Fairfield and alone for 35-37 Fairfield. As noted above, the permit applications for 32-34-36-38 Fairfield have not been located. However, on October 27, 1878, the Boston Globe reported that Luther M. Merrill had been granted permits for two of the houses (32-34 Fairfield), and on June 5, 1879, it reported that Silas W. Merrill had been granted permits for the remaining two (36-38 Fairfield).
An April 12, 1879, Boston Journal on “Building Operations in the Back Bay” summarized the development of the eight houses as of the spring of 1879: “On Fairfield street, between Commonwealth avenue and Newbury street, Luther M. Merrill has erected a block of four small houses, 26 [sic] by 44 feet, two stories, Mansard roof. These houses contain eleven rooms, and have been sold for $10,000 and $11,000 each. On the opposite side of the street the same builder has erected for Asa P. Potter two houses of the same style and dimensions, and has a permit for two more.”
In all but two cases (31-33 Fairfield), after the houses were built, Asa Potter held the property until a buyer was found, and then sold the land with the house on it to Silas Merrill, who resold it on the same day or soon thereafter – presumably at a profit – to the buyer.
The pattern was different for 31-33 Fairfield, the first two houses sold (both in August of 1878). In the case of 31 Fairfield, Asa Potter sold the house to Jarvis Dwight Braman, president of the Boston Water Power Company, who resold it on the same day (Jarvis Braman was the brother of George H. Braman, from whom Asa Potter had acquired the land). In the case of 33 Fairfield, Asa Potter sold house to Silas Merrill, who then mortgaged it and transferred it back the next day to Asa Potter, who sold it soon thereafter. Silas Merrill had filed for bankruptcy in May of 1878, and the approach to these two sales may have reflected his financial position. The other six sales all were in 1879, presumably after his bankruptcy was resolved.
On July 28, 1879, Asa Potter sold 32 Fairfield to Silas Merrill, and on August 4, 1879, he sold 34 Fairfield to him. In both deeds, he included an easement reserving a three foot wide strip across the eastern boundary to provide access to the alley for the houses to the south. A similar easement was included in the deed for 36 Fairfield.
On July 29, 1879, Charles Edward Thayer purchased 32 Fairfield from Silas Merrill, and on August 4, 1879, he purchased 34 Fairfield. Charles E. Thayer was a manufacturer of dye-wood. He and his wife, Mary (Hersey) Thayer lived at 57 Rutland Square and then, by the 1881-1882 winter season, at 205 Newbury.
Charles Thayer purchased the two houses for his son and daughter, both of whom married in 1879. 32 Fairfield became the home of Charles Irving Thayer and his wife Florence Adelaide (Flagg) Thayer, who had married in June of 1879. 34 Fairfield became the home of Adelbert Henry Alden and Mabel (Thayer) Alden, who married in October of 1879. He was a shipping merchant dealing in rubber, goat skins, cocoa, and other commodities.
The Aldens continued to live at 34 Fairfield during the 1890-1891 winter season, after which moved to the Hotel Vendôme. 34 Fairfield continued to be owned by Charles Edward Thayer and leased to others.
By the 1891-1892 winter season, it was the home of attorney Henry Gilman Nichols and his wife, Elsie (Quincy) Nichols. They had married in November of 1891, and 34 Fairfield was their first home together. By the 1893-1894 winter season, they had moved to 471 Beacon.
By the 1893-1894 winter season, 34 Fairfield was the home of Miss Carrie Thirza Fitch. She previously had lived in an apartment at The Graffam at 330 Dartmouth. She continued to live at 34 Fairfield during the 1894-1895 season, but moved thereafter to 383 Commonwealth.
During the 1895-1896 winter season, 34 Fairfield was the home of Warren Sawyer and his wife, Ellen R. (White) Sawyer. Their usual residence was in Wellesley Hills. He was president of the Everett National Bank.
34 Fairfield was not listed in the 1897 and 1898 Blue Books.
Charles Edward Thayer died in December of 1898. 34 Fairfield continued to be owned by his estate.
By the 1898-1899 winter season, 34 Fairfield was the home of William M. Rice, a dry goods commission merchant, and his wife, Anna W. (Holton) Rice. They previously had lived at 638 Beacon. Anna Rice’s mother, Susan M. (Bassett) Holton Atherton, lived with them; she was the widow of Joseph L. Holton and Samuel Atherton.
The house was not listed in the 1902 Blue Book.
By the 1902-1903 winter season, 34 Fairfield was the home of Louis Joseph Sands and his wife, Ella Louise (Faye) Sands. They previously had lived next door, at 36 Fairfield. Louis Joseph Sands was a retired Civil War US Naval officer. They continued to live at 34 Fairfield in 1904.
By the 1904-1905 winter season, it was the home of Charles Moulton Sherman, a lawyer, and his wife, Bertha Marie (Bartlett) Sherman. They continued to live there during the 1908-1909 winter season but moved thereafter. In the 1910 US Census, Mrs. Sherman was living in Brookline with their children. Charles Sherman died in August of 1911 in New York City.
On August 6, 1909, 34 Fairfield was purchased from Charles E. Thayer’s estate by Talbot Bailey Aldrich. He and his wife, Eleanor Lovell (Little) Aldrich, made it their home. They previously had lived on their farm in the Ponkapoag district of Canton, which they continued to own. They also maintained a home in Tennants Harbor, Maine.
Talbot Aldrich and his twin brother, Charles Frost Aldrich, had been associated with Walter Baker & Company, chocolate manufacturers, prior to its incorporation. He subsequently was a trustee of family properties. He served as aide-de-camp to Governors Curtis Guild and Eben Draper, and as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1918 to 1921.
On January 15/16, 1925, he transferred 34 Fairfield into his and his wife’s names.
Talbot and Eleanor Aldrich continued to live at 34 Fairfield during the 1926-1927 winter season. His mother, Mary Elizabeth (Woodman) Aldrich, the widow of Thomas Bailey Aldrich, died in 1927, and Talbot and Eleanor Aldrich moved to her former home at 59 Mt. Vernon by the 1927-1928 winter season.
On October 4, 1927, 34 Fairfield was acquired by Paul Mascarene Hamlen, trustee under the will of William Powell Perkins, his mother’s uncle (Paul M. Hamlen’s parents were Nathaniel Perez Hamlen and Gertrude (Loring) Hamlen; Gertrude Loring’s parents were Francis Caleb Loring and Miriam Mason (Perkins) Loring, William Powell Perkins’s sister). He acquired 32 Fairfield on the same date; he already owned 36–38 Fairfield, also as trustee under William Powell Perkins’s will.
Paul M. Hamlen was a real estate dealer and purchased the property on Fairfield as an investment for the benefit of himself and his siblings. He and his wife, Agnes Dorothy (Devens) Hamlen, lived at 32 Gloucester and also maintained a home in Wayland.
Under the terms of William Powell Perkins’s will, the income from the trust was to be paid to the four living children of Miriam (Perkins) Loring – Francis Caleb Loring, Jr., Anna Loring, Miriam P. Loring, and Helen Loring – and to the four children of Gertrude (Loring) Hamlen, who predeceased William Powell Perkins. The trust was to remain in effect until the death of the last surviving child of Miriam (Perkins) Loring, and then to be terminated. The principal was then to be distributed to the children of Gertrude (Loring) Hamlen, her siblings having been childless.
On April 12, 1929, Paul Hamlen transferred 32-34-36-38 Fairfield to himself and his three sisters: Miriam Perkins (Hamlen) Warren, the wife of Edward R. Warren, Elizabeth Perkins Hamlen, and Gertrude Loring (Hamlen) Catlin, the wife of Daniel K. Catlin. On the same day, they transferred the property back to him as trustee under another trust that they had established in 1904 to manage income to them under the trust established by William Powell Perkins. On June 29, 1929, Paul Hamlen transferred the property to himself as trustee under the will of his grandfather, Nathaniel Hamlen, also established for the benefit of Paul Hamlen and his sisters, thereby consolidating their assets in one trust.
Paul Hamlen converted 32-34-36-38 Fairfield into lodging houses, which he rented to others to operate.
By 1930, 34 Fairfield was the home of Miss Mary L. Pyne, who operated it as a lodging house. She previously had lived in Malden. Her brother, Robert E. Pyne, a postal clerk, and her sister, Helen G. Pyne, a stenographer, lived with her. They continued to live there until about 1944, but had moved to an apartment at 409 Marlborough by 1945.
Paul Hamlen died in July of 1939, and on August 19, 1944, his son, Nathaniel Hamlen, as the successor trustee under Nathaniel Hamlen’s will, transferred 32-34-36-38 Fairfield to the Warren Institution for Savings, which held the mortgage on the property. On August 30, 1944, the property was acquired by real estate dealer George T. Sullivan.
By 1945, 34 Fairfield was the home of John T. Parker and his wife, Lucy C. Parker, who operated it as a lodging house. They previously had lived at 1844 Commonwealth.
On May 10, 1946, 32-34-36-38 Fairfield were acquired from George Sullivan by Joseph Francis Dinneen. He was a reporter with the Boston Globe, noted for his crime coverage and for his column on Boston’s night club scene. He also was a prolific author, Among his works was The Purple Shamrock, a biography of Mayor James Michael Curley published in 1949. He and his wife, Helen Agnes (Wagner) Dinneen, lived in Needham.
On August 20, 1956, 32-34-36-38 Fairfield were acquired from Joseph Dinneen by the National Realty Company (Charles Talanian, president; Thomas J. Diab, treasurer).
The Parkers continued to live at 34 Fairfield and operate it as a lodging house until about 1957.
On April 12, 1957, 32-34-36-38 Fairfield were acquired from National Realty by real estate dealers Stuart H. Hastings and Joseph A. Gautreau They converted each building into eight apartments and then sold them separately: 32 Fairfield and 34 Fairfield to two different buyers, and 36 Fairfield and 38 Fairfield to a third buyer.
The property changed hands and on January 15, 1965, was acquired by Nick Haddad, trustee of Haverty Realty Trust.
On September 23, 1980, 34 Fairfield was acquired from Nick Haddad by Eliot Convisor, trustee of the Rockford Realty Trust. Nabiha Haddad (also known as Nabina Haddad) of Lebanon, the sole beneficiary of the trust, joined Nick Hadded in selling the property.
Eliot Convisor had acquired 32 Fairfield in May of 1976.
In April of 1981, he applied for (and subsequently received) permission to convert 34 Fairfield from eight apartments into five apartments and to cut doors through the party wall connecting 32 and 34 Fairfield.
On May 18, 1982, Eliot Convisor converted 32-34 Fairfield into ten condominium units, the 32-34 Fairfield Street Condominium.