356 Commonwealth

356 Commonwealth (2013)

356 Commonwealth (2013)

Lot 21' x 124.5' (2,615 sf)

Lot 21′ x 124.5′ (2,615 sf)

356 Commonwealth is located on the south side of Commonwealth, between Hereford and Massachusetts Avenue, with 354 Commonwealth to the east and 358 Commonwealth to the west.

356 Commonwealth was designed by Obed F. Smith, architect, and built in 1883-1884 by Vinal & Dodge, builders, for building contractor George Wheatland, Jr., probably for speculative sale.  It was one of five contiguous houses (352-354-356-358-360 Commonwealth) built at the same time, and one of fifteen houses (322-326 Commonwealth and 338-360 Commonwealth) built on the same block for George Wheatland, Jr., in 1882-1884.  He is shown on the original building permit application for 356 Commonwealth, dated November 30, 1883.

356 Commonwealth was originally numbered 354 Commonwealth until about 1889, when 328-330 Commonwealth were built to the east of it.

During the 1885-1886 winter season, 358 Commonwealth was the home of Flavilla (Smith) Smith, the widow of Kimball R. Smith.  She previously had lived at 158 West Chester Park, where she operated a lodging house.

Living with her at 356 Commonwealth were Joshua Granville Nickerson, an oil merchant, and his wife, Anna C. (Bassett) Nickerson.  They previously had been lodgers with Mrs. Smith at 158 West Chester Park.

Mrs. Smith and the Nickersons had moved from 356 Commonwealth by the next season.  In 1887, the Nickersons were living at 282 Marlborough.

During the 1886-1887 winter season, 356 Commonwealth was the home of Arthur D. McClellan, an attorney, and his wife, Mary A. (Townsend) McClellan.  They previously had lived at the Hotel Copley at 18 Huntington.  By the next season, they had moved next door to 358 Commonwealth.

By 1888, 356 Commonwealth was the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Fuller.  Mary Shattuck is shown as the owner on the 1888 and 1890 Bromley maps.

The Fullers continued to live there in 1889.

By the 1889-1890 winter season, the Fullers were no longer listed in the Bkue Books there and it had become the home of Mrs. M. W. Shattuck, probably Mary Shattuck.

By the 1890-1891 winter season, 356 Commonwealth was the home of Benjamin E. Corlew and his wife, Juliet (Snow) Corlew.  Tey had lived at 395 Beacon during the previous season.  Benjamin Corlew was a real estate dealer.  By 1893, they had moved to Brookline.

356 Commonwealth was not listed in the 1892 Blue Book.

By the 1892-1893 winter season, it was the home of attorney John Duncan Bryant and his wife, Ellen M. (Reynolds) Bryant.  They previously had lived at 38 St. James.  He is shown as the owner of 356 Commonwealth on the 1895, 1898, and 1908 Bromley maps, and was the assessed owner through 1911.  They also maintained a home in Meriden, New Hampshire.

356-358 Commonwealth (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of The Gleason Partnership

356-358 Commonwealth (ca. 1942), photograph by Bainbridge Bunting, courtesy of The Gleason Partnership

Ellen Bryant died in July of 1908.  John Bryant continued to live at 356 Commonwealth until his death in July of 1911.  His estate was the assessed owner in 1912.

By the 1911-1912 winter season, 356 Commonwealth was the home of Ellen Bryant’s nephew, Robert Duncan Reynolds, an engineer, and his wife, Fanny Louise (Lawrence) Reynolds.  They previously had lived in Cambridge.  He was the son of Ellen (Reynolds) Bryant’s brother and sister-in-law, Frank W. Reynolds and Cordelia Frances (Weld) Reynolds.  Robert Reynolds was the assessed owner of 356 Commonwealth from 1913 through 1920; the heirs of John D. Bryant are shown as the owners on the 1917 Bromley map.

Robert and Fanny Reynolds had moved by 1913.  By 1917, they were living in Cambridge.

356 Commonwealth was not listed in the 1914-1916 Blue Books.

By 1915, 356 Commonwealth was the home of Mrs. Lula M. (Fox) Darling, the former wife of Jerome Darling, who operated it a lodging house.  She previously had lived at 81 Mt. Vernon.a id=”WHGilpatric”>

Lula Darling continued to live at 356 Commonwealth in January of 1920, but had moved to 337 Commonwealth by 1921.

In July of 1920, Carolyn Draper (Nutt) Gilpatric acquired 356 Commonwealth from Robert D. Reynolds.  In April of 1920, Carolyn Gilpatric’s husband, Dr. William Henry Gilpatric, had acquired 358 Commonwealth.

William Gilpatric was a dentist specializing in orthodontia, and he converted 356-358 Commonwealth into dental offices.  William and Carolyn Gilpatric lived in Winchester.

In June of 1920, Dr. Gilpatric filed for (and subsequently received) permission to convert 358 Commonwealth from an office and single-family dwelling into three dental offices and “habitation,”  and in July of 1920, he filed for (and subsequently received) permission to convert 356 Commonwealth from offices and lodgings into dental offices.  As part of the applications, he also received permission to cut doors in the party wall between the two buildings, on the first floor.

In about 1928, the Gilpatrics acquired 360 Commonwealth, and in April of 1928, they applied for (and subsequently received) permission to remodel the interior, including cutting four doors in the party wall connecting with 358 Commonwealth.  The building’s use was shown as being dental offices.

Dr. Gilpatric died in March of 1938.  Carolyn Gilpatric was the assessed owner of 356-358-360 Commonwealth through 1946.

By 1947, 356-358-360 Commonwealth were owned by Howard Stephen Cosgrove, a real estate dealer who lived in Winchester.  He was the assessed owner in 1947 and 1948.

By 1948, 356-358-360 Commonwealth were owned by Harry H. Byron. He was the assessed owner from 1949 through 1951.

In March of 1948, he applied for (and subsequently received) permission to convert 356-358 Commonwealth from 23 dental offices into 22 dental offices and one office for medical massage and physical therapy.

By 1960, 356-358-360 Commonwealth were owned by Hyman Goodman.  By that point, each building contained dental offices and apartments.

In November of 1960, he applied for (and subsequently received) permission to convert the dental offices on the second, third, and fourth floors at 356 and 358 Commonwealth into apartment use, expanding the existing apartments (and not increasing the number of units).  356 Commonwealth subsequently had one dental office and six apartments, and 358 Commonwealth had two dental offices and six apartments.

By 1967, 356-358-360 Commonwealth were owned by Michael J. Smith, trustee of Wethersfield Associates.

In September of 1967 Robert White acquired 356-358-360 Commonwealth from Michael Smith.

In December of 1988, he filed for (and subsequently received) permission to convert 356 Commonwealth into ten apartments and 358 Commonwealth into nine apartments, and at the same time to consolidate the two buildings as one property, with nineteen units.  In May of 1989, he filed for (and subsequently received) permission to convert 356-358 Commonwealth into one office and nineteen apartments.

In February of 1992, Robert White filed for (and subsequently received) permission to increase the number of apartments at 356-358 Commonwealth from nineteen to twenty-one by converting the office into two apartments.

In September of 2000, Charles White Management applied for (and subsequently received) permission to combine 356-358 Commonwealth and 360 Commonwealth into a single property consisting of 27 apartments (18 in 356-358 Commonwealth and 9 in 360 Commonwealth) and one professional office (in 360 Commonwealth).

356-358-360 Commonwealth remained an apartment house in 2015.

356-366 Commonwealth (2013)

356-366 Commonwealth (2013)