4-5 Arlington

4-5 Arlington (2013)

4-5 Arlington (2013)

Arli 004-005 Lot Site

Combined lot 45′ x 100′ (4,500 sf)

4-5 Arlington is located on the west side of Arlington, between Beacon and Marlborough, with 3 Arlington to the north, across Alley 421, and 6 Arlington (0 Marlborough) to the south.

4-5 Arlington were built in 1860-1861, two of four houses (4-5-6-7 Arlington) built at about the same time.

The land on which 4-5-6-7 Arlington were built was originally part of a larger parcel purchased from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on September 2, 1858, by George Goss and Norman Carmine Munson, who were the contractors responsible for filling the Commonwealth’s Back Bay lands.  On the same day as they purchased the land, Goss and Munson sold it to a consortium of Peleg W. Chandler, J. Amory Davis, and Henry Lee, Jr.  They, in turn, subdivided the eastern portion of the parcel into four lots at 4-5-6-7 Arlington.  In April of 1860, they sold the lot at 7 Arlington to William Richards Lawrence, and in May of 1860, they sold the lot at 4 Arlington to Henry Atkins.

Click here for indices to the deeds for 4 Arlington and 5 Arlington, and click here for further information about the land on the north side of Marlborough from Arlington to Berkeley, south of Alley 421.

On May 17, 1860, Peleg Chandler and his partners entered into an agreement with William Carpenter, a carpenter, and Horace Jenkins, a mason, under which Carpenter and Jenkins agreed to build houses at 5 and 6 Arlington and, upon their completion, the partners agreed to sell Carpenter and Jenkins the land at a specified price.  On May 18, 1860, William Lawrence and Henry Atkins entered into a separate agreement with Carpenter and Jenkins governing the design and construction of all four houses. On June 9, 1860, William Carpenter and Henry Jenkins filed a Notice of Intention with the Board of Aldermen to build at 4-5-6 Arlington. On September 26, 1860, Seth Simmons, a carpenter and builder, bought the lot at 5 Arlington from the partners (with the consent of Carpenter and Jenkins) and may have taken charge of building the house there.

The Notice of Intention filed by William Carpenter and Henry Jenkins did not include the land owned by William Lawrence at 7 Arlington.  It was begun slightly later and it may have been built by a different builder.  An August 7, 1861, article in the Boston Traveller describing 4-5-6 Arlington indicated that “another building is soon to be erected and attached to this block, making the corner of Arlington and Marlborough streets, by Dr. William R. Lawrence.”

The original owners wanted to ensure that their new homes would be harmonious in design, both with each other and with the other houses being built nearby. The property already was subject to restrictions contained in the deeds from the Commonwealth, but the owners added further stipulations in their May 1860 agreement, among them that “the front of said houses shall be of free stone and the height not less than three stories” and “the top of the cornice of main houses shall be fifty four feet high above sidewalk in Arlington Street, or as high as that of Geo. O. Hovey’s house Number 100 Beacon Street” and “the cornice and roof of all the houses shall be uniform, and shall conform to a plan to be hereinafter agreed upon.” 4-5-6-7 Arlington were being built contemporaneously with the other houses on Arlington, and 100 Beacon was the closest completed house that could serve as a model of design.

4-5-6 Arlington were completed in mid-1861, and 7 Arlington was completed in late 1861 or in 1862. Consistent with the agreement among the owners, they were designed as a single symmetrical composition, with the end houses (4 Arlington and 7 Arlington) on wider lots and set slightly forward and more elaborate in design than the two middle houses (5-6 Arlington). The composition complemented similar pavilion-style French Academic designs at 1-2-3 Arlington and 8-9-10-11 Arlington. As originally built, there was a four foot wide passageway at the rear of 4, 5, and 6 Arlington, running parallel with Arlington, to provide access to the alley for all four houses.

The facades of 4-5 Arlington have been significantly remodeled (in 1925-1926, when the two buildings were combined, and again in 1993-1994) and the mansard roofs removed. 6-7 Arlington were demolished in 1929 and replaced with a ten-story apartment building and clubrooms for the Junior League.

4-7 Arlington (ca. 1880); courtesy Historic New England

4 Arlington

4 Arlington was built in 1860-1861 as the home of Henry Atkins, a grocer and importer of wines and spirits, and his wife, Elizabeth Cummings (Gay) Atkins.  He purchased the land for the house on May 17, 1860.  They previously had lived at 10 Bedford.

Henry Atkins died in December of 1870.

4 Arlington (2013)

4 Arlington (2013)

In his will, Henry Atkins left 4 Arlington and a number of other properties to his four children, one-fourth interest each to his sons, Henry Holly Atkins and John Eliot Atkins, and one-fourth each in trust for his daughters, Sarah Jane (Atkins) Playle, the wife of John Playle, and Elizabeth C. Atkins. Henry H. Atkins and John E. Atkins both were wine importers with their father’s firm.

Elizabeth (Gay) Atkins continued to live at 4 Arlington with her unmarried children, Henry H. Atkins and Elizabeth Atkins, until her death in July of 1872.

After their mother’s death, Henry H. Atkins and probably Elizabeth Atkins moved to the Hotel Vendôme. Elizabeth Atkins married in October of 1873 to Charles Gustavus Lundell, a dealer in Swedish iron, and they moved to 235 Beacon.

In the fall of 1872, the Atkins family offered 4 Arlington for sale. A September 18, 1872, Boston Journal advertisement by real estate dealer John Jeffries, Jr., described the property as “finished throughout in the most elegant and substantial manner, besides the usual comforts and conveniences found in such houses there is a splendid billiard room and bowling alley.”

On October 3, 1872, the family sold the furniture and fixtures at auction, including, according to the October 2, 1872, Boston Traveller advertisement by auctioneer Samuel Hatch & Co., the “superior furniture, elegant silk drapery curtains, large French plate mirrors, rich dining and cut glass ware, oil paintings and engravings, rosewood billiard table, &tc.”

The house was not purchased and continued to be offered for sale. It may have remained vacant for several years.

Henry H. Atkins continued to live at the Hotel Vendôme in 1876. He moved to 4 Arlington during the 1876-1877 winter season, but then resumed living at the Hotel Vendôme.

4 Arlington remained in the Atkins family and leased to others.

During the 1877-1878 winter season, it was the home of John Evart De Witt and his wife, Naomi (Hawley) De Witt.  They also maintained a home in Portland, Maine.  He was president of the Union Mutual Life Insurance Company of Maine. The De Witts moved to 290 Marlborough by 1879.

4 Arlington was not listed in the 1879-1882 Blue Books.

By the 1882-1883 winter season, it was the home of John Smith Allan and his wife Adelaide Stuart (Gault) Allan.  They previously had lived at 57 Beacon.  He was head of the Boston offices of the Allan Steamship Line, a Canadian and Scottish firm founded by his father, Andrew Allan, and his uncle, Sir Hugh Allan.

They continued to live there during the 1884-1885 winter season, joined by his brother and sister-in-law, Hugh Andrew Allan and Margaret (Rae) Allan.  Hugh and Margaret Allan had married in 1884 and probably came to Boston from Montreal soon thereafter.

In June of 1885, the Allans purchased and moved to 276 Beacon. Hugh and Margaret Allan moved back to Montreal,, but returned to Boston in 1888, making 231 Beacon their home.

On October 6, 1886, the Atkins family leased 4 Arlington to Elias R. Hunnewell for “dwelling house purposes and for the display and sale of fine furniture and works of art.” The lease specified that there would be no signs or advertising on the exterior of the building.

4 Arlington became a lodging house and the retail store of Doe, Hunnewell & Company, furniture dealers. From about 1896 through about 1903, it was a dressmaker’s shop operated by John C. S. Parcher.

The house was not listed in the 1905-1909 Blue Books.

In about 1908, 4 Arlington became McClintock’s School for Girls, operated by Miss Mary Law McClintock. A native of Newberry County, South Carolina, she had served as head of the Department of English at the University of Florida from 1896 to 1901, and later as a principal of Mount Ida College in Newton. The school continued to be located at 4 Arlington (with an additional location at 135 Beacon by 1922) until her death in January of 1925.

On June 1, 1925, real estate dealer Edward J. Ball purchased 4 Arlington.  The sellers were William W. and Samuel Vaughn, trustees under the will of Henry Atkins; John B. Folger and J. Henry Russell, trustees under the will of John E. Atkins; Massachusetts General Hospital; and Children’s Hospital (the hospitals being residual beneficiaries under John E. Atkins’s will).

On June 30, 1925, 4 Arlington was acquired from Edward Ball by Harry Francis Estabrook. He had owned 5 Arlington since 1916 and operated an Oriental rug shop at that location. He subsequently combined the buildings with the address of 5 Arlington.

5 Arlington

5 Arlington was built in 1860-1861 on a lot purchased on September 28, 1860, by Seth Simmons.  He was a carpenter and builder, and probably built the house (although it may have been built by William Carpenter and Horace Jenkins, with whom the former owners of the land — Peleg W. Chandler, J. Amory Davis, and Henry Lee, Jr. — previously had contracted to build houses at 5 and 6 Arlington).  Seth Simmons and his wife, Betsey G. (Miller) Simmons, lived in Brighton.

5 Arlington (2013)

5 Arlington (2013)

On March 1, 1862, John Chandler, a dry goods merchant, purchased 5 Arlington from Seth Simmons. He and his wife, Anna (Perkins) Chandler, were the first residents of the house.  They previously had lived at the Revere House hotel.

John Chandler died in November of 1875 and Anna Chandler died in May of 1876.

On August 8, 1876, Patrick Jackson and Nathan Chandler, the guardians of John and Anna Chandler’s minor children, John and Anna Chandler, sold 5 Arlington at public auction to Harriett Ann (Allen) Porter, the wife of Dr. Charles Burnham Porter.   They previously had lived at 103 Boylston.

Charles Porter was a physician and surgeon.  He served as a demonstrator in anatomy at Harvard Medical School under Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, and later was professor of clinical surgery at Harvard.

Charles Porter died in May of 1909.  Harriett Porter continued to live at 5 Arlington, joined in about 1913 by her daughter, Edith, the wife of Dr. Percy Musgrave (who was a physician in the army).  In about 1915, they moved to 209 Bay State Road.

On October 13, 1915, Harriett Porter sold 5 Arlington to real estate dealer William J. Stober, who transferred it five days later to attorney and real estate trustee Leslie Clark Wead.  He and his wife, Kate Haswell (Whitcomb) Wead, lived at 3 Fairfield.

On July 27, 1916, Harry Francis Estabrook purchased 5 Arlington.  He was a dealer in Oriental rugs, doing business as Richard Smart Oriental Rug Works.

In August of 1916, he filed for (and subsequently received) permission to remodel the house into a store on the street level and apartments above, including installing a new store front. The remodeling was designed by architect Frederick Whitcomb Wead, the son of Leslie and Kate Wead, who lived with his parents at 3 Fairfield. Plans for the remodeling are included in the City of Boston Blueprints Collection in the Boston Public Library’s Arts Department (reference BIN H-33).

4-5 Arlington

In June of 1925, Harry Estabrook had acquired 4 Arlington, and in July of 1925, he filed applications to combine and significantly remodel both buildings, with the principal address being 5 Arlington.  The permits were initially denied by the Building Department and his appeal was rejected by the Board of Appeal.  However, in October of 1925, the Board of Appeal reconsidered and granted the petition.

In its decision, the Board described the approved work as follows: “Appellant states that he will cut down that portion of the building formerly known as 4 Arlington St. to five stories, put on a flat roof, make the cellar, first story, and second story floors of first-class construction, leave that portion of the building formerly known as 5 Arlington St. at six stories but make the cellar and first floor of first-class construction.”

4-5 Arlington (ca. 1949), courtesy of the Bostonian Society.

4-5 Arlington (ca. 1949), courtesy of the Bostonian Society.

As a part of this remodeling the entrances to the two buildings were consolidated into one entrance with the combined building having the address of 5 Arlington.  The remodeling was designed by architect George Nelson Meserve.  Plans for the remodeling — including elevations and floor plans — are included in the City of Boston Blueprints Collection in the Boston Public Pbrary’s Arts Department (reference BIN N-9).

By 1928, Five Arlington Street, Inc., was the assessed owner of 4-5 Arlington, and in May of 1930, it applied for (and subsequently received) permission to remodel the buildings to equalize ground level floors of the two buildings, noting “at present there are two levels, one level approximately six feet higher than the other.”

Harry Estabrook remained the owner of 4-5 Arlington and in the fall of 1931, the Institution for Savings in Roxbury and Its Vicinity foreclosed on its August 24, 1925, mortgage to him.  On November 19, 1931, it offered the property for sale at public auction and subsequently took possession of the property.

In July of 1932, the bank applied for permission to change the occupancy to allow a restaurant to be located in the former space used for retail, noting that the space was currently vacant but was “formerly a gift shop and prior to that a shop for the sale and repairing of rugs.”  The application was subsequently abandoned.

On February 1, 1935, 4-5 Arlington was acquired by Alfred W.Douglass and Carleton Hunneman, trustees of the Limechest Real Estate Trust.  They continued to own the property until January of 1946, when it once again became the property of the Institution for Savings in Roxbury.

4-5 Arlington continued to be occupied by retail space on the ground level and apartments above.  By the early 1940s, the store space was occupied by Traynor’s Florist.  It closed in about 1947.

On January 4, 1946, 4-5 Arlington was acquired by Carleton Hunneman, Edward L. Francis, Robert Livermore, Jr., and Edward E. Wendell as trustees of The Five Trust.

In June of 1955, The Five Trust applied for (and subsequently received) permission to change the occupancy from an office and store on the first floor and 13 apartments above, to an office and beauty shop on the first floor, and thirteen apartments above.  Real estate brokers Hunneman and Company occupied the office; “Frank and Henri Coiffures” were proposed as occupants of the former retail space.

On May 31, 1962, The Five Trust transferred 4-5 Arlington to the Katharine Gibbs Realty Trust. Gordon Gibbs, Blanche L. Gibbs, and Edward L. Kane were the trustees of both trusts.

In July of 1962, Katharine Gibbs School, which already owned and occupied 6 Arlington next door, converted 4-5 Arlington into a dormitory, with doors cut through to 6 Arlington on several levels.

In 1968, Katharine Gibbs School was purchased by Macmillan Inc.  4-5-6 Arlington remained the property of the Katharine Gibbs Realty Trust.

In February of 1988, the Trust sold 6 Arlington to Emerson College.  The Trust retained 4-5 Arlington.

4-5-6 Arlington (2013)

4-5-6 Arlington (2013)

In May of 1989, Macmillan Inc. announced plans to sell Katharine Gibbs School.  The school subsequently was purchased by Phillips Colleges.

Probably in anticipation of (or as a part of) the sale, on June 29, 1989, the Katharine Gibbs Realty Trust transferred 4-5 Arlington to Macmillan Inc.  At the same time, it also transferred its ownership of several other properties, including 21 Marlborough, 23 Marlborough, and 86 Beacon.

On September 29, 1993, Macmillan Inc. sold 4-5 Arlington and 86 Beacon to Beacon-Arlington LP.

Beacon-Arlington LP converted 4-5 Arlington into seven apartments, including significantly remodeling them to add a floor to 4 Arlington (thereby making the two buildings the same height) and installing a new façade and fenestration more consistent with the historical nature of the building.

On July 29, 1994, Beacon-Arlington LP sold 4-5 Arlington to Robert F. Oberkoetter, trustee of the 4-5 Arlington Street Trust, and on 15, 1995, he converted the apartments into seven condominium units, the 4-5 Arlington Street Condominium.

View across the Public Garden towards Arlington and Beacon (ca. 1895), courtesy of Anthony Mitchell Sammarco